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'A “New” Black Nationalism in the USA and France' by Dr. Felix Germain

'A “New” Black Nationalism in the USA and France' by Dr. Felix Germain

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Published by Alice Backer
Article in JOURNAL OF AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES, Volume 17, Number 3, September 2013
Article in JOURNAL OF AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES, Volume 17, Number 3, September 2013

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Published by: Alice Backer on Oct 15, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Journal of African American Studies
 ISSN 1559-1646 J Afr Am StDOI 10.1007/s12111-013-9269-y
“New” Black Nationalism in the USAand France
Felix Germain
 1 23
Your article is protected by copyright and allrights are held exclusively by Springer Science+Business Media New York. This e-offprint isfor personal use only and shall not be self-archived in electronic repositories. If you wishto self-archive your article, please use theaccepted manuscript version for posting onyour own website. You may further depositthe accepted manuscript version in anyrepository, provided it is only made publiclyavailable 12 months after official publicationor later and provided acknowledgement isgiven to the original source of publicationand a link is inserted to the published articleon Springer's website. The link must beaccompanied by the following text: "The finalpublication is available at link.springer.com”.
Black Nationalism in the USA and France
Felix Germain
Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013
This essay examines the relationship between Black Nationalism and demo-graphic change in the Black population of the USA and France. It shows that, unlike previous generations, most Blacks in France are born in France and share commonsociopolitical and cultural reference points. As a result, this Black French populationdeploys new Black Nationalist expressions advocating that Blackness is an integral part of the French nation and that Black citizens are entitled to the same opportunities asWhites. Subversively, people of African descent are inserting Blackness into a suppos-edly color-blind nation. In contrast to France, the African Diaspora in the USA isincreasingly diverse. But due to the misrepresentation of African-American identitiesand cultural differences, manyBlack migrantsseek todistance themselves from AfricanAmericans, a relationship that ironically mirrors intra-Black relations in France of the1960s and 1970s. Like France, however, demographic change within the Black popu-lation in the USA has also reconfigured the parameters of Black Nationalism. I contendthat Black Nationalism in the USA is increasingly transnational in character. Indeed, inthe post-civil rights era, the Caribbean and African migration has expanded the scope of Black Nationalism from primarily focusing on empowering Black America to offeringCaribbeanandAfricancountriesabetterplaceintheglobalvillage.Intheprocess,astheactivities of the numerous African chambers of commerce reveal, not only do these
transnational Black Nationalist expressions flirt with neoliberal policies but theyalso adopt a color-blind perspective.
France.Blackimmigrants.Africanchambersof commerce.BlackFrench.RepresentativeCouncilofBlackAssociations(CRAN). NeoliberalismOppression and roadblocks to achieving real equality of opportunity has engendered anationalism that is distinctively African American, a nationalism which since the earlynineteenth century has promotedself-determination inpolitics, economics,religion, andeducation within or outside American society (Stuckey1972). From its inception, thiscomplex sociopolitical phenomenon, which scholars refer to as Black Nationalism, has
J Afr Am St DOI 10.1007/s12111-013-9269-yF. Germain (
)Africana Studies Department, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 9201 University CityBoulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USAe-mail: fgermain@uncc.edu

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