•Data: entities that convey meaning —analog data: –continuous values within some interval –e.g. sound, video
Data and Signals
— –discrete values –e.g. text, integers•Signals (electromagnetic or electric): means by which data arepropagated —analog (or contiguous) signalis continuously varyingelectromagnetic wavethat propagates over (a variety of)
meium —digital (or discrete) signalis sequence of voltage pulsesthat are transmitted over a wire medium. The signalintensity maintains a constant level for some time and thenchanges to another constant level.
Analog and Digital Signals: Examples
Digital (2-level) signal