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13 Peldatar Sikfeladatok Lektoralt Korrigalt VA Eng

# 13 Peldatar Sikfeladatok Lektoralt Korrigalt VA Eng

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Published by: Baljinder Singh on Oct 15, 2013

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10/15/2013

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
Dr. András Szekrényes, BME

www.tankonyvtar.hu
COMPILATION OF EXAMPLES – 13. ANALYTICALAND FINITE ELEMENT SOLUTION OF A PLATEWITH CENTRAL HOLE
Author: Dr. András Szekrényes

2


Dr. András Szekrényes, BME
13.

ANALYTICAL AND FINITE ELEMENT SOLUTION OF A PLATEWITH CENTRAL HOLE
Calculate the stress field in the in-plane loaded plate with central hole shown in Fig.13.1a. analytically by the help of the basic equations of elasticity, b. by finite element method using the code ANSYS,moreover, compare the results obtained from the two different calculations! The materialof the plate is linear elastic, homogeneous and isotropic.
Fig.13.1. Plate with central hole subjected to normal load in direction x and tangential load alongthe boundaries.
13.1

Analytical solution
The governing equation of plane problems has already been derived in cylindrical coordi-nate system in section 11 (see Eq.(11.74)):01111
2222222222224
=    ++    ++==
χ ϑ ϑ  χ  χ
,(13.1)which is a partial differential equation involving dynamic boundary conditions (formulated for the stress field). Accordingly, a boundary value problem should be solved. The stressesare expressed by the following equations (refer to section 11):
222
11
ϑ  χ  χ σ
+=
,
22
=
χ σ
ϑ
,
   =
ϑ  χ τ
ϑ
1
. (13.2)The problem can be solved by the method of Fourier, i.e. it is assumed that the solutionfunction is separable with respect to the variables [1]:
=
Φ=
1
)()(),(
iii
R
ϑ ϑ  χ
. (13.3)Taking it back into the governing equation given by Eq.(13.1) we obtain:

Alfejezetcím 3

Dr. András Szekrényes, BME

www.tankonyvtar.hu
01)(1)1(1)(1)(1
432
=Φ+Φ +Φ+Φ
IV  II
Rdr dRdr  Rdr dr dr dRdr dr dr
.(13.4)The solution in terms of variable
is searched in the form of a power function:
n
R
=
)(. (13.5)Taking it back into Eq.(13.4) the following is obtained:0])2[()2(
2222
=Φ+Φ++Φ
IV  II
nnnn
. (13.6)
a.
Let us assume that:
IV  II
Φ=Φ
, (13.7)which is possible only if
Φ
is the sum of constant and linear terms:
ϑ ϑ
21
)(
+=Φ
, (13.8)where
1
and
2
are constants. As a consequence Eq.(13.6) reduces to:0)2(
22
=Φ
nn
, (13.9)which is satisfied if
n
= 0 or 2, however each root is a double root due to the second power.The differential equation to be solved based on Eq.(13.4) is:0)(1)(1
=
dr dRdr dr dr
. (13.10)We integrate the equation with respect to
:
1
)(1
cdr dRdr dr
=
. (13.11)As a next step we divide the equation by
and integrate again with respect to
:
21
ln)(1
ccdr dRdr
+=
. (13.12) Now we multiply the equation by
and integrate it third time:
3221
2ln
ccrdr c dr dR
++=
. (13.13)The partial integration of the first term on the right hand side yields:
322221
2)2ln(21
cccdr dR
++=
. (13.14)We divide the result by
and integrate it even fourth time:
DCr  B Ar  R
+++=
lnln)(
22
, (13.15)where
A
,
B
,
and
D
are constants. Summarizing the results of case a. the elements of the basic function system are:
{ }
1,ln,ln,
22
and
{ }
1,ln,ln,
22
ϑ
. (13.16)These function, however are not periodic functions. It may be assumed that the solutionfunction is periodic, i.e. it contains trigonometric functions.
b.
Because of the even derivatives we assume that the solution is the combination of trigo-nometric functions:
=Φ
)sin()cos()(
ϑ ϑ ϑ
ii
, (13.17)accordingly:

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