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hurricanes and cyclones in USA

hurricanes and cyclones in USA

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Published by Khansa Gulshad
assignment about hurricanes and cyclones in united states of america
assignment about hurricanes and cyclones in united states of america

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Published by: Khansa Gulshad on Oct 15, 2013
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Page | 1
CAUSES OF STROMS ANDHURRICANES IN U.S.A
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONOF U.S.A
:
U.S.A is comprised of 52 states which aresurrounded by the Atlantic ,Pacific and the Gulf of Mexico.The lower 50 states are also known asthe contiguous United States having the AtlanticOcean on the East and Pacific Ocean on theWest. Canada is in the North of America andMexico is in the South while The Gulf of Mexico is in the Southeast of U.S.A.Alaska has the Arctic Ocean on the north and Pacific Ocean on the south.Hawaii is the chain of islands surrounded by Pacific Ocean.
STATES THAT BORDER ATLANTIC OCEAN:
 
Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island ,Connecticut ,New York, NewJersey, Delaware ,Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida
STATES THAT BORDER THE PACIFIC OCEAN:
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington
STATES THAT BORDER THE GULF OF MEXICO:
The Gulf of Mexico is one of the largest bodies of water in the world and it is a part of the Atlantic Ocean. Its total area is 1.5 million sq. km.Alabama, Florida,Louisiana,Mississippiand Texas
 
Page | 2
STORM DEFINATION:
A disturbance of the normal condition of the atmosphere, marked by winds of unusualforce or direction, along with heavy rain, snow, hail, thunder, and lightning, or flyingsand or dust. Ice stroms ,Blizzards ,Tarnadoes ,Tropical cyclones ,Dust evils ,Lake Effectare some of the examples of stroms.
SEVERE WEATHER:
In a research paper 
: ―Natural Disasters And Severe Weather‖ ,
The National Weather Service defines severe weather as:Tornadoes ,Hail of greater than 1 inches in diameter and winds of speed greater than55mph.Borderly speaking, it is defined as weather that can cause intense injuries, deathsand economic loss.
1
CAUSES FOR EXTREME WEATHER IN U.S.A.
 
1. THE CENTRAL PLAINS:
The central plains are a perfect flat passage between the Rockies and the Appalachianscreating a straight shot for cold polar air to clash with moist warm air from the gulf 
1
Knox Pam ,2011:Natural Disaster:What Causes SevereWeather.http://osep.uga.edu/uploads/1/Natural_Disasters_and_Severe_Weather.pdf.R etreived at 4 May 2013
 
Page | 3region. This leads to intense storms as these air masses collide on frontal boundaries inthe Plains regions.
2. OTHER COUNTRIES ARE SHIELDED:
Other countries are shielded by mountainous or geographic boundaries on the shorelineswhich prevent severe storms such as hurricanes from coming ashore easily. And, moistsouthern air doesn't get the chance to collide with cold polar air to produce severe stormsin the first place.
3. THE SIZE OF THE US:
The size of the United States is very large. It covers more than 3.5 million square miles. Itis a large target for severe weather.
4. OCEANFRONT PROPERTY:
The shear exposure to the Atlantic and Gulf Coast allows for massive storms that form inthe Atlantic to come ashore in coastal regions.
5. OCEAN CURRENTS:
Ocean currents are literally aimed right at the east coast. The North Equatorial Currentand Gulf Stream are practically aimed at the United States and cause severe weather.
COMMON TYPES OF STORMS IN U.S.A :
Winter storms ,Floods ,Thunder storms ,Hail storms, Derechostorms ,Tornadoes andTropical cyclones.
WINTER STORMS:
 Winter storms derive their energy from the clash of two air masses of differenttemperatures and moisture levels. Winter storms usually form when an air mass of cold,dry, Canadian air moves south and interacts with a warm, moist air mass moving northfrom the Gulf of Mexico. The point where these two air masses meet is called a front.
TYPES OF WINTER STORMS IN U.S.A:
 
Ice storms, Blizzard, Lake effect snow and Nor’easters are common types of winter 
storms that hit U.S.A .

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