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What to Do When a Muslim Dies

What to Do When a Muslim Dies

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Published by islamiq

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Published by: islamiq on Mar 25, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/30/2013

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CONTENT PAG
INTRODUCTION..........................................................................3EVENTS PRECEDING DEATH.........................................................3WHAT TO DO WHEN SOMEONE DIES..........................................5PRACTICAL TASKS IMMEDIATELY AFTER THEMOMENT OF DEATH....................................................................9CHECK LIST FOR WASHING & SHROUDING..............................11THE METHOD OF WASHING......................................................12PURCHASING THE SHROUD......................................................17HOW TO LAY THE DEAD IN THE KAFN (SHROUD)......................19 JANAZAH PRAYER.......................................................................23THE SHAR’I METHOD OF DAFN (BURIAL)...................................31TA’ZIAT (SYMPATHISING WITH THE BERIEVED)...........................38VISITING THE GRAVEYARD.........................................................38IDDAH AND OTHER MASA’IL......................................................44HOW TO STAND IN JANAZAH SALAAH......................................46POINTS TO PONDER OVER........................................................47
 
INTRODUCTION
There is no doubt that the only guaranteed event that will definitelyface each and every single living being; be they male or female, rich orpoor, black or white, sick or healthy, is death. Despite the uneasinesspeople feel in talking about or even merely thinking about this darktopic, due to it’s unavoidable and inevitable nature, it only makessense to prepare for it. This publication is designed to allow people tofully prepare for it’s occurrence in the event of someone in the nearfamily passing away. It features a practical guide of what needs to bedone, fulfilling both governmental and
Islamic
requirements.Thereafter it goes through the complete
Islamic
rites of passage,including the relevant prayers, avoiding customs which are usuallyadopted by people ignorant of the correct 
Sunnah
method.This treatise covers what needs to be performed at the time of someone else’s death, it is also hoped that it can be a reminder for eachof us to prepare for our own inevitable end.
EVENTS PRECEDING DEATH
MUHTADAR
:
 A person on whom the signs of death are clearly seen iscalled a
 muhtadar
.
It is
 sunnah
 
to let him lie on his right side facing the
Qiblah
. It is permitted that he be positioned to lie on his back with hisfeet towards the
Qiblah
, and the head slightly raised with a cushion sothat it faces the
Qiblah
. All the bed linen must be
tahir
(clean). If moving the
muhtadar
causes him any discomfort then leave him in anyconvenient position.It is desirable to use
loban
(Frankincense),
Itr
(perfume) or any otheraromatics that are
tahir
in the room. Anyone who is in the state of 
 janabah
(Impurties),
haydh
(menustrual Bleeding) or
nifaas
(post-natalbleeding) must leave the room.
 
 At this time the recital of 
Surah Yasin
and
Surah Ar Ra`d
isrecommended. This may be done in the same room. When one isincapable of reciting the
Qur'an
, someone else may be requested torecite these chapters or any other portions of the
Qur'an
.
Talqin
:
Talqin
is to remind the dying, of the
Shahadah
.
ASH-HADU ’ALL
IL
HA ILLAL-L
HUWA ASH-HADU ANNA MU
AMMADAN `ABDUH
¤
 WA RAS
¤
LUH.
I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I testify that Muhammad 
r
is His servant and His messenger.
When the end nears, the dying person's breath quickens, the kneesbecome so weak that they cannot move, the nose becomes bent andthe temples subside. By these signs understand that the person isnearing his end.The
talqin
should be read before the dying person takes his last breaths, the
muhtadar
must not be asked or ordered to read the
kalimah
, but must be helped to recall it. i.e. those present shouldcontinually repeat it aloud, in front of the dying.Once the departing person utters the
kalimah,
all who are present should remain silent. The dying person should not be drawn into anyworldly discussions, but if he discusses any worldly affair, then the
talqin
should be repeated.

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