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Guitar

# Guitar

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Published by: we on Jul 24, 2009

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02/16/2013

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5.5 And there you have it!1. Enharmonically SpeakingOk, before we go on, there's one thing you need to know. Enharmonics, anddiatonics. A Definition for enharmonics means Two names for one meaning. Ok, letsuse an audible example. Play the 2nd fret of the Low E String. Hear that? It is ahalf step above F, and can be called F#. However, it is a half step below G and soit can also be called Gb. These are exactly the same thing. Another example, the1st fret of the B string. This is a C note. However, it's also called B#. Below, Ihave included a list of enharmonics, just for your knowledge:A > A#/Bb > B/Cb > B#/C > C#/Db > D > D#/Eb > E/Fb > E#/F > F#/Gb > G > G#/AbThe next thing, is Diatonics. This means you need, in a 7 tone scale, each noteused at least once. For example, in the C Major scale, we use all the notes:C D E F G A B CThis scale, is therefore, diatonically correct. Lets use another example. The F#Major scale, but make it diatonically incorrect:E Gb Ab A B Db Eb EWhy isn't this scale diatonically correct? Well look at it. Where is the F noteand C note? Why has the A and E notes been used twice? This can easily be solvedusing enharmonics:E F# G# A B C# D# EFb Gb Ab Bbb Cbb Db Eb FbThese are both enharmonically and diatonically correct versions of the E (or Fb)Major scale.2. Modes DefinedModes are much like scales. They are a series of intervals, which with a scale keyprovide a series of pitches. You can build modes of any scale. But for the timebeing, and to avoid confusion, I'll only be talking about modes of the majorscale. The difference between modes and scales, is that a mode comes from a scale.For example, the C Major scale has these notes:C D E F G A B CA Mode is basically, the exact same scale, but starting on a different note.Therefore, the first mode of the C Major scale would be this:D E F G A B C D

A good way to see how this works, is to look at the diagram of modes below. Eachmode is derieved from the C Major scale.C ionian: C D E F G A B CD dorian: D E F G A B C DE phrygian: E F G A B C D EF lydian: F G A B C D E FG mixolydian: G A B C D E F GA aeolian: A B C D E F G AB locrian: B C D E F G A BThere are 7 different notes in the major scale. This means, we can create a totalof 7 different modes from the major scale alone. These modes are:IonianDorianPhrygianLydianMixolydianAeolianLocrian2.1 Modes Feelings.Each mode of the major scale can create it's own, individual sound. However, youcan only accomplish this sound by learning the theory behind modes. So what do Imean, "individual sounds"? Well, Each one of those 7 modes can, if used properly,sound distinctive. Guitarists use modes in to suit the feeling of the song theyare trying to write. If they are trying to write a happy song, they'll use acertain mode, if they try to give the song a sad sound, they'll use another mode.And so on.3. Constructing ModesThis part of the lesson will either be very confusing, or very simple, although,when you understand how it works, and it suddenly clicks, it'll all make sense!Ok, this is why, you need to know about the major scale and intervals. Lets startwith the basics.We know each degree, or note, of the major scale is the root note of a mode.Therefore, the first note of the Major scale, creates the first mode, which isIonian. The second note of the major scale creates the second mode, which isDorian. The third note of the major scale creates the third mode, which isPhrygian, and so on. Lets start with the 1st degree of the major scale.This creates the Ionian mode. But you might be thinking; "Well, if the root noteof the major scale creates the Ionian mode, does that mean there's two names forone scale?" The answer is yes. The major scale, can also be called the Ionianmode. This is our starting scale, so give each note of the Major scale aninterval. In these examples, I will be using the C Major scale.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 - Major scale intervalsC D E F G A B C - C Major scale

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