Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
OSTEOATHRITIS

OSTEOATHRITIS

Ratings:

4.5

(1)
|Views: 485|Likes:
Published by Lorebell

More info:

Published by: Lorebell on Jul 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/05/2013

pdf

text

original

 
OSTEOATHRITIS
Derived from the Greek word “
osteo
”, which means bone; “
arthro
” means jointand “
itis
” means inflammation.
It is the most common of the various kinds of arthritis.
A chronic, slowly progressing disorder that causes deterioration of articular cartilage.
It affects weight-bearing joints (hip and knees) as well as joints of the distalinterphalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers.
It is also known as
Degenerative Joints Disease
, characterized by theinflammation of the joints between the bones.
Incidences
By the numbers, 1 in 4 U.S adults has been diagnosed with some form of arthritis,while an additional 17% may have the disease without even knowing it. According tothe Arthritis Foundation, Osteoarthritis affects an estimated 20.7 million Americans,80 % of these are women.
Risk / Predisposing Factors
1.
Aging
2.
Long term mechanical stress-athletics, ballet, dancing or repetitive physical tasks
3.
Congenital or acquired skeletal deformities
4.
Anatomic abnormality
5.
Inflammation in joint structures
6.
Joint Instability from damage to supporting structures
7.
Neurologic disorders (diabetic neuropathy, Charcot neuropathic joint)
8.
Hematologic or endocrine disorders ( hemophilia, hyperthyroidism)
9.
Obesity
 
10.
Systemic Diseases
11.
Genetic Factors
12.
Drugs
13.
Other form of arthritis
Manifestations1.
Pain and Swelling
2.
Stiffness
3.
Enlargement of Joint
4.
Crepitus
5.
Discomfort in the joint before or during a change in the weather 
6.
Limited range of motion
7.
Hypermobility and subluxation of joints
8.
Knee Alignment ( vagus or varus )
Classification of Osteoarthritis
Classification by the joint involved
o
Monoarticular, oligoarticular, or polyarticular (generalized)
o
Chief joint site 9index joint site) and localization within the joint
Hip ( superior pole, medial pole and concentric)
Knee ( medial, lateral, patellofemoral compartments)
Hand ( interphalangeal joint and or thumb base)
Spine (apophyseal joints or intervertebral disk disease)
Classification into Primary and Secondary forms of OA
o
Primary (idiopathic)
 
o
Secondary
Indicates that a likely cause can be identified
Metabolic causes
Ochronosis
Acromegaly
Hemochromatosis
Calcium crystal deposition
Anatomic causes
Slipped femoral epiphysis
Epiphyseal dysplasia
Blount disease
Perthes disease
Congenital dislocation of the hip
Leg length inequality
Hypermobility syndromes
Traumatic Causes
Major joint trauma
Fracture through a joint or osteonecrosis
Joint surgery (meniscectomy)
Chronic injury (occupational arthropathies)
Inflammatory causes
Any inflammatory arthropathy
Septic arthritis

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
biantoot liked this
johnleee liked this
marijune_lina22 liked this
luyvico liked this
dnica_25anne liked this
rei_alina liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->