Derived from the Greek word “
”, which means bone; “
” means jointand “
” means inflammation.
It is the most common of the various kinds of arthritis.
A chronic, slowly progressing disorder that causes deterioration of articular cartilage.
It affects weight-bearing joints (hip and knees) as well as joints of the distalinterphalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers.
It is also known as
Degenerative Joints Disease
, characterized by theinflammation of the joints between the bones.
By the numbers, 1 in 4 U.S adults has been diagnosed with some form of arthritis,while an additional 17% may have the disease without even knowing it. According tothe Arthritis Foundation, Osteoarthritis affects an estimated 20.7 million Americans,80 % of these are women.
Risk / Predisposing Factors
Long term mechanical stress-athletics, ballet, dancing or repetitive physical tasks
Congenital or acquired skeletal deformities
Inflammation in joint structures
Joint Instability from damage to supporting structures
Neurologic disorders (diabetic neuropathy, Charcot neuropathic joint)
Hematologic or endocrine disorders ( hemophilia, hyperthyroidism)