is an example of accepting a course of action without any in-depth thought.Many problems are satisfactorily solved through compromise, but you should avoid thetendency to accept the compromise solution in all situations. Sometimes it is the worstcourse of action.
is based on the assumption that because one event follows another, it isnecessarily caused by the other. One might conclude, for example, that because a higherpercentage of senior service school attendees become generals than their contemporarieswho did not attend senior service school (such attendance increases the chance of promotion to general officer). This error in reasoning occurs because we forget, orignore, other important factors that contribute to the effect. Although a proportionatelyhigher percentage of graduates may indeed be promoted to brigadier general, other factorsaffect promotion such as preselection, past assignments, aeronautical rating, source of commission, previous below-the-promotion zone selection, possible sponsorship andadvanced degrees. Senior service school attendance, in itself, may or may not be a causalfactor. (Performance reports could overshadow all other factors.)
fallacy is an example of believing or accepting everything printed. We oftenlaugh at the verbal nonsense of some semiarticulate buffoons, but put their ramblings inprint and, magically, the comments rise to the level of objective analysis! Be as skepticaland thoughtfully critical of the printed word as you are of the spoken word.
is the tendency to withhold facts or manipulate support so that the evidencepoints in only one direction. Quoting out of context also belongs in this category.The amount of fallacious reasoning and weak support we see and hear daily is staggering. We areliterally engulfed in mental muck. Indeed, we probably share in the contribution. The challenge isto sharpen our professional sense of smell so we can quickly sniff out the rational from theridiculous.
“Imagination is more important thanknowledge.”–Albert Einstein