As a poststructuralist, Foucault then focused in th relationshipbetween knowledge and power. In the book, he demonstrated howdiscourses are formed by authority or social relations and the changeof the hegemonic ideology. He focused on the developments of how thebehavior of individuals is regulated and the improvement of bodiesand knowledge through time or to the description of the disciplinarypower of each functions in the society.In the history of sexuality, the normal idea of sex is passed onalongside with the idea of the abnormal. The idea for the managementof practices is to 'normalize' or to regulate the 'abnormal'activities. And this idea of monitoring is what Foucault called
From this idea, actions are in turn rationalized.The first chapters of the Discipline and Punish is situated on1757, Damien's execution before the eyes of public spectators, andafter 80 years about the regulation of the daily lives of inmates (heeven indicated the scheduled time of activities) but no ceremony orrituals two generations ago.He link the transition to modernity from the past on how the view onpower changes over time.His work on the birth of prison asked the question: "How did thecoercive, corporal, solitary, secret model of the power to punishreplace the representa-tive, scenic, signifying, public, collectivemodel?"
He also viewed the relationship between “the discursive
Foucault, M. T
he history of sexuality : an introduction. (New York : Vintage Books,1978.)
Foucault, M. Discipline and Punish. (New York: Vintage Books, 1979) p. 131