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Guía 5 Ingles Verbo to be

Guía 5 Ingles Verbo to be

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Published by: Docentes Arkos Mosquera on Jul 25, 2009
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08/20/2013

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GUIA DE TRABAJO
Lea atentamente el texto.
Escriba los datos más importantes en su agenda o libreta de apuntes.
Responda los ejercicios que se proponen.
VERBO "TO BE"
El verbo "to be" en inglés es equivalente a los verbos "ser" y "estar" en castellano. Sudeclinación en el presente del indicativo (simple present) es la siguiente:
Simple Present del verbo "To Be"
Yo soy/estoyI amTu eres/estásYou areEl/ella es/estáHe/she/it isNosotros somos/estamosWe areVosotros sois/estáisYou areEllos/ellas son/estánThey areSe suelen utilizar contracciones de estas formas; La
forma completa
y la
contraída
son igualmente correctas, aunque la contraída es algo más informal.    
Afirmativa
forma completa forma contraída
I am I´m
You are you´reHe / she / it is he´s / she´s / it´sWe are we´reYou are you´reThey are they´re    
Negación (sujeto + verbo +
not 
)
forma completa forma contraída
I am not I´m not
You are not you aren´tHe / she / it is not he / she / it isn´tWe are not we aren´tYou are not you aren´tThey are not they aren´t
Interrogación (verbo + sujeto)
respuesta breve + respuesta breve
Am I ...? Yes, I am No, I´m not
Are you...? Yes, you are No, you aren´tIs he / she / it ....? Yes, he/she/it is No, he/she/it isn´tAre we...? Yes, we are No, we aren´tAre you....? Yes, you are No, you aren´tAre they....? Yes, they are No, they aren´t
Ejemplos
:
 Are you a student? Yes, I am.
1
 
Is she your friend? Yes, she is. Are they your classmates? No, they aren´t.
Su declinación en tiempo pasado (simple past):
Simple Past del verbo "To Be"
Afirmativa
Yo era/estaba (fui/estuve)I wasTu eras/estabas (fuiste/estuviste)You wereEl/ella era/estaba (fue/estuvo)He/she/it wasNosotros éramos/estábamos (fuimos/estuvimos)We wereVosotros erais/estabais (fuisteis/estuvisteis)You wereEllos/ellas eran/estaban (fueron/estuvieron)They were
Negación (sujeto + verbo +
not 
)
forma completa forma contraída
I was not I wasn´t
You were notyou weren´tHe/she/it was not he/she/it wasn´tWe were not we weren´tYou were notyou weren´tThey were not they weren´t
Interrogación (verbo + sujeto)
respuesta breve + respuesta breve
Was I ...? Yes, I was No, I wasn´t
Were you...? Yes, you were No, you weren´tWas he/she/it ....? Yes, he/she/it was No, he/she/it wasn´tWere we...? Yes, we were No, we weren´tWere you....? Yes, you werNo, you weren´tWere they....? Yes, they were No, they weren´t
Ejemplos
: Were
you a student? Yes, I was.Was she your friend? Yes, she was.Were they your classmates? No, they weren´t.
El verbo "to be" se puede utilizar como un verbo ordinario y en este caso sirve paradar información sobre el sujeto:I am old.Yo soy mayoThe car is red.El coche es rojoIt is cold.Hace frio (el día está frio)También se utiliza como verbo auxiliar para formar las formas continuas:I am running.Yo estoy corriendoI was running.Yo estaba corriendoY para construir la forma pasiva:The table is made of wood.La mesa está hecha de maderaOtro uso del verbo "to be" es seguido de infinitivo y se utiliza para dar órdenes deuna manera un tanto impersonal, especialmente con la 3ª persona, o también paracomunicar un plan:He is to solve that problem.El debe resolver ese problemaThey are to help you.Ellos deben ayudarteI am to travel next week.Voy a viajar la próxima semana
2
 
VOCABULARIO
SombreroHatChalecoVestBufandaScarfCorbataTieGabardinaRaincoatCamisaShirtAbrigoCoatCamisetaT-shirtChaquetaJacketTrajeSuitGuanteGloveRopa interiorUnderweaPantalonesPantsCamiseta (interior)VestZapatoShoeCalzoncilloShortsBotaBoatSujetadorBraZapatillaSlipperCalcetínSockPijamaPyjamasBragasPantiesVestidoDress
Infinitivo/PresenteVERBOSSignificadoForma pasada Participio
To standsoportarstoodstoodTo come upsurgircame upcome upTo wakedespertarwokewokeTo beser / estarwasbeenTo standaguantarstoodstoodTo beatgolpearbeatbeatenTo becomellegar a serbecamebecomeTo happenocurrirhappenedhappenedTo procreateprocrearprocreatedprocreatedTo beginempezarbeganbegun
EJERCICIOSVerb to be – Simple Present1. Write
am, is
or 
are
.
1. Mary ...... a teacher.2. My friends ...... Italian.3. They ...... doctors.4. She ...... from Holland.5. I ...... an engineer.6. Paul ...... very tall.7. London ...... the capital of England.8. We ...... American.9. Mary and Eve ...... from Russia.10. Your parents ...... teachers.
2.
 
Write the sentences in exercise 1 in the short form, when possible
.1.
Mary´s a teacher 
. 6.2. 7.3. 8.4. 9.5. 10.
3.
 
Write these sentences in the negative (short form)
.1. Luke´s a student.……………………………………………………………..2. Laura and Gabriel are friends.……………………………………………………………..3. You´re from Spain. ……………………………………………………………..4. He´s my neighbour. ……………………………………………………………..
3

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