A computer is full of
-- highways that take information and power from one place to another.For example, when you plug an MP3 player or digital camera into your computer, you're probably usingauniversal serial bus(USB) port. Your USB port is good at carrying the data and electricity required for small electronic devices that do things like create and store pictures and music files. But that bus isn'tbig enough to support a whole computer, a server or lots of devices simultaneously.
SCSI devices usually connect to a controller card like this one.
For that, you'd need somethingmore like
. SCSI originally stood for
Small Computer System Interface
, but it's really outgrownthe "small" designation. It's a fast bus that can connect lots of devices to a computer at the same time,includinghard drives, scanners,CD-ROM/RW drives, printersand tape drives. Other technologies, like
serial-ATA (SATA), have largely replaced it in new systems, but SCSI is still in use. This article willreview SCSI basics and give you lots of information on SCSI types and specifications.
SCSI is based on an older, proprietary bus interface called
Shugart Associates System Interface
(SASI). SASI was originally developed in 1981 by Shugart Associates in conjunction with NCRCorporation. In 1986, the
American National Standards Institute
(ANSI) ratified SCSI (pronounced"scuzzy"), a modified version of SASI. SCSI uses a