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Vishnu Sahasranamam_with Meaning

Vishnu Sahasranamam_with Meaning

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Published by: pranavi01 on Jul 26, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Vishnu Sahasranamam
 (Meanings: based upon the commentary of Shankaracharya) Meanings: Courtesy: http://www.mypurohith.comSanskrit script courtesy: Shri. N. Krishnamachari: http://home.attbi.com/~chinnamma/ Vishnu Sahasranama means the “
Thousand Names of Vishnu.” 
This narrative is based upon the commentary of Shankaracharya.Acharya sankara reached the feet of his Guru, Sri Govindapaachaarya, and on the bank of Narmada, the Nambootiri-boy fromkaaladi got initiated into the secrets of the Mahaavaakyas. At the end of his short but intense study, sankara, the inspiredmissionary, wanting to fulfill his glorious work, craved from the blessings of his teacher. Govindapa Acharya tested sankara byordering him to write an exhaustive commentary (Bhaashya) upon the Vishnu Sahasranaama. He accomplished his great task andthe very first work of the Upanishadic commentator, sankara, the greatst Hindu missionary of the 7
th
century, thus came to seethe light of the day. Govindaacharya, satisfied with the proficiency of the student blessed him and set him on the road of service and action. Earningthe grace of the teacher and the blessings of the Lord Vishnu, Sri sankara inaugurated an incomparable revival movement of thedecadent culture of the 7
th
century Hinduism. We shall here follow closely Sankara’s commentary and also draw our materialfrom the Puranic literature that has an endless store of appeal to the hearts of all devotees. The
Vishnu Sahasranaama was composed by Sri Veda Vyaasa
 
, the author of the Puraanas, and we meet this great chant in hisclassical work, the Mahaabaarata, Prince Yudhisthira, the eldest of the pandavas, at the end of the war approached BheeshmaPitaamaha, when the mighty grandsire of the Kuru family was lying on the bed of arrows, unconquered and in conquerable,awaiting the scared hour of his departure to the feet of the lord. Yudhishthira, the righteous, asked six questions, Bheeshma, theconstant devotee of Krishna, the gigantic Man of Action, calmly answered them all. This is how we find the “Thousand Names of Lord Vishnu” introduced in the immortal classic of the Hindus, the Mahaabaarata. For the eradication of all obstructions, I meditate ("
dhyayeth
") on Vishnu, who is wearing ("
dharam
") a white ("
 shukla
") cloth("
ambara
"), who is of the color ("
varnam
") of the moon ("
 sashi 
"), who has four ("
chatur 
") arms ("
bhujam
"), and who has a placid expression ("
 prasanna
") on His face ("
vadanam
"). 
 
 
Shree Vaisham pãyana uvacha:Shruthvã dharmãna séshéna pãvananicha sarvashahaYudhishtara shanthanavam punarévãbya bashatha
Vaisampayana, the narrator to Dhritrastra says: Yudhishthira, as a righteous man ("
dharamana
") of spiritual inclination, with themortal integrity ("
 paavanaani 
") of a careful mortal, asks ("
bhaashatha
") Bhishma ("
 shaantanavam
") quite an interesting set of questions which are typical queries which the heart of seekers will always ask. 
Yudhishtira uvacha
 
Kimékam daivatham loke kim vápyekam parãyanam
 
Sthuvantha kam kamarchanda prapnuyur mãnavã shubam
 Who ("
kim
") is the greatest ("
ekam
") Lord ("
daivatam
") in the world ("
loke
")?Who is the one ("
ekam
") refuge ("
 paraayanam
") for all?By glorifying ("
 sthuvantah
") whom ("
kam
") can man ("
manavah
") reach the Auspiciousness ("
 shubam
") (peace and prosperity)?By worshipping ("
archantah
") whom can a man reach auspiciousness (peace and prosperity)?
Ko dharma sarva dharmãnam bhavatha paramo mathaha
 

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