HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS- DBP >120 mmHg with the potential of inflicting irreparable damage to targetorgan and endangering patients lives
JNC VII 2003 : ≥ 180/110
Recognition of hypertensive crisis depends on the clinical state of the patients,not on the absolute level of blood pressureForm : HYPERTENSIVE EMERGENCY and HYPERTENSIVE URGENCYMalignant hypertension
a syndrome characterized by elevated BP accompanied byretinal hemorrhages, exudates, or papilledema or acute nephropathy.
Accelerated hypertension :
malignant HT with hemorrhages and exudates alone
refers to the presence of signs of cerebral edema
JNC V (1993), JNC VII 2003.
CHEST 2007; 131:1949–1962)
Paul E. Marik, MD