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Windows Startup Process

Windows Startup Process



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Published by manoj kumar rout

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Published by: manoj kumar rout on Jul 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Windows startup process
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromWindows Startup Process
)Jump to:navigation, search The
Windows Startup Process
is the process by whichMicrosoft'sWindowsseries of  operating systems initializes.
[edit] DOS-based Windows
InWindows 3.xand95/98/ME, the boot loader phase is handled byMS DOS. During the  boot phase, theAutoexec.batandConfig.sysare executed, along with the configuration settings filesWIN.INIandSYSTEM.INI.Virtual device drivers are also loaded in the startup process : they are most commonly loaded from the registry(HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\VxD) or from the SYSTEM.INI file.When all system configuration files and device drivers have been loaded, the 32-bit VxDmessage server (Msgsrv32) starts Mprexe.exe, which is responsible for loading thenetwork logon client (such as Client for Microsoft Networks, Microsoft Family Logon or Windows Logon).When a user is logging on to Windows, thestartup sound is played, the shell (usually Explorer.exe) is loaded from the [boot] section of the SYSTEM.INI file, and startup itemsare loaded.In all DOS-based versions of Windows except ME, it is also possible to load Windows by booting to a DOS prompt and typing "win". There are some command line switches thatcan be used with the "Win" command: with the /d switch, Windows boots to safe mode,and with the /d:n switch, Windows boots to safe mode with networking. The latter switchonly works properly with Windows 95
. In Windows 3.1, additional options areavailable, such as /3, which starts Windows in 386 enhanced mode, and /s, which startsWindows in standard mode
[edit] Windows NT
InWindows NT, the boot loader is called NTLDR . It is responsible for accessing the file system on the boot drive, for starting Ntoskrnl.exeand for loading boot-time devicedrivers into memory. Once all the Boot and System drivers have been loaded, the kernel(system thread) starts the Session Manager Subsystem (smss.exe), which in turn startsWinlogon, which loads thegraphical identification and authenticationlibrary. After a user has successfully logged in to the machine, Winlogon does the following:
User and Computer Group Policysettings are applied.
Startup programs are run from the following locations:1.
All Users ProfilePath
\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\
(pleasenote that this path is localized on non-English versions of Windows)8.
Current User ProfilePath
\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\
(pleasenote that this path is localized on non-English versions of Windows)In Windows 95/98/ME, it was also possible to run a program before the user logs on byusing RunServicesOnce or RunServices keys. In Windows NT, this has been replaced bythe Services.exe program, which is able to load a set of system services before a user logson.Additionally, on English versions of Windows, the startup folder was called "StartUp"instead of "Startup" in Win9x.Adware\Spyware and other unwanted software might add itself to the system registry inorder to be automatically started when a Windows NT system logs on.There are several programs that let the user control which programs automatically startwhen a Windows NT system logs on, includingStartU, OSAM: Autorun Manager and Autoruns.
[edit] Windows Vista

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