CW multipliers are also found, with a higher number of stages, inlasersystems,high-voltage power supplies, X-raysystems, LCDbacklighting, traveling wave tube
amplifiers,ion pumps, electrostaticsystems,air ionisers, particle accelerators,copy
machines, scientific instrumentation,oscilloscopes, TV sets,CRT sets, bug zappers
and many other applications that use high-voltage DC.
Basic multiplier circuitsf.w.v voltage doubler
Greinacher voltagedoubler circuit. (a)simpleversion for grounded input voltage, (b)doubleversion for symmetric input voltage.Diodes must bedimensioned for 2x input peak voltageUp, capsonly for 1x Up.
The Greinacher doubler circuit (a) transforms a grounded AC voltage (peak voltageUp) into symmetrical DC voltages of 1x Up each, thus producing 2x Up betweenoutputs. If the input voltage is already symmetrical (e.g. as in an Obit), theGreinacher circuit may be doubled according to (b). This does not change the outputvoltages but increases the possible output current by a factor of two.
Villard voltage doubler