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Chapter 1 World Through Our Senses

Chapter 1 World Through Our Senses



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Published by deviltim
this is a form two science note i have made...is form two science chapter 1 ....so if you need it ...GET IT!!!
this is a form two science note i have made...is form two science chapter 1 ....so if you need it ...GET IT!!!

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Published by: deviltim on Jul 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Chapter 1 World Through Our Senses
Our senses detect stimuli and we respond.Human have receptors or 
sense organs
such as:
responds totouch, pressure, pain,heatandcold.
responds tochemical in our food and drink . It gives us our sense of taste
responds tochemical in the air . It gives us our sense of smell.
respond tosound vibrations and movements. They give us our sense of hearing and our balance.
respond tolight rays. They give us our sense of sight. Nervous pathway from stimulus to response:Stimulus
Sensory organs
Sensory nerves
Motor nerves
The skin is made up of three layers- the
, the
and the
fatty layer.
There are many different types of sensors in the skin.The number of sensors varies in different parts of our body.Thesensitivity of the skindepends on two factors:
The thickness of the epidermis
The number of receptors-Pain receptors 
are at the skinsurface. They are branched andrespond to intense stimuli.-Some
touch receptors
are attachedto the base of our hair. So you canfeel it they are being pulled.
-Pressure receptors
are in the fattylayer. It is used to detect pressureexerted on the skin.
-Heat receptors 
are located belowthe epidermis. It detects heat or anyrise of temperature.
-Cold receptors 
are also located below the epidermis. It detects acold substances or any fall intemperature.
Your senses of taste and smell are closely linked. They are both chemical senses.What things can you taste?-Youcan only taste sweet, sour, bitter, and saltythings. People think that they can tasteother things but they are actually using their sense of smell.Thesensors that give you your sense of tasteare found in little grooves on your tongue.They are call
taste buds
.Each taste budcan only taste one taste.The different types of taste buds are found in particular areas on the tongue.Thetaste buds send nervous impulsesalong the nerves to the brain for its interpretation.When food is placed in the mouth, the
dissolves the foodand the chemicalsstimulate the taste buds. Nervous pathway for detecting taste:Food(stimuli)
Saliva dissolves food
Chemical in food stimulate taste buds
 Taste buds send impulses to brain
The brain interprets the impulsesDifferent areas of thetongue are especiallysensitive to differenttaste
Our nose also senseschemical but it isthousands of time moresensitive than your senseof taste.Smells are chemical inthe air.Thechemical dissolve in the moist liningof your nose.They stimulate sensors in your nose to send impulses to the brain.The brain interprets these impulses as different smells.Thenasal cavities have glandswhich producea sticky fluid calledmucus.
A personhaving a cold cannot smell well. This is because thesensory cells are covered with a lot mucusand not much chemicals can reach and stimulate the sensory cells.The nervous pathway can be summarized as follows:Chemical enter the nose
Chemical dissolves in mucus
Chemical stimulate thesensory cells
The sensory cells produce nervous impulses
Nervous impulses aresent along the nerves to the brain
The brain interprets the impulses as a certain smell
The air around us is full of sound waves.You ears work by converting these sound waves into nerve impulses.This I show it happens:
The outer part of your ear funnels the sound waves into the ear canal
Thesound waves travel along the ear canalto the eardrum.
Theeardrumstarts tovibrate when sound waves hit it

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Alhamdulillah siaplah folio world through our sense ni dengan ada maklumat ni...:)
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