Chapter 1 World Through Our Senses
Our senses detect stimuli and we respond.Human have receptors or
responds totouch, pressure, pain,heatandcold.
responds tochemical in our food and drink . It gives us our sense of taste
responds tochemical in the air . It gives us our sense of smell.
respond tosound vibrations and movements. They give us our sense of hearing and our balance.
respond tolight rays. They give us our sense of sight. Nervous pathway from stimulus to response:Stimulus
The skin is made up of three layers- the
There are many different types of sensors in the skin.The number of sensors varies in different parts of our body.Thesensitivity of the skindepends on two factors:
The thickness of the epidermis
The number of receptors-Pain receptors
are at the skinsurface. They are branched andrespond to intense stimuli.-Some
are attachedto the base of our hair. So you canfeel it they are being pulled.
are in the fattylayer. It is used to detect pressureexerted on the skin.
are located belowthe epidermis. It detects heat or anyrise of temperature.
are also located below the epidermis. It detects acold substances or any fall intemperature.