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Bon Livre_Linear Algebra and Multidimensional Geometry

Bon Livre_Linear Algebra and Multidimensional Geometry

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Linear Algebra and Multidimensional Geometry
Linear Algebra and Multidimensional Geometry

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Published by: hoodavid on Jul 26, 2009
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RUSSIAN FEDERAL COMMITTEEFOR HIGHER EDUCATIONBASHKIR STATE UNIVERSITY
SHARIPOV R.A.
COURSE OF LINEAR ALGEBRAAND MULTIDIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY
The Textbook
Ufa 1996
 
2
MSC 97U20PACS 01.30.PpUDC 517.9Sharipov R. A.
Course of Linear Algebra and Multidimensional Geom-etry
: the textbook / Publ. of Bashkir State University — Ufa, 1996. — pp. 143.ISBN 5-7477-0099-5.This book is written as a textbook for the course of multidimensional geometryand linear algebra. At Mathematical Department of Bashkir State University thiscourse is taught to the first year students in the Spring semester. It is a part of the basic mathematical education. Therefore, this course is taught at Physical andMathematical Departments in all Universities of Russia.In preparing Russian edition of this book I used the computer typesetting onthe base of the
AM
-TEX package and I used the Cyrillic fonts of Lh-familydistributed by the CyrTUG association of Cyrillic TEX users. English edition of this book is also typeset by means of the
AM
-TEX package.Referees: Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics group of UfaState University for Aircraft and Technology (
UGATU
);Prof. S. I. Pinchuk, Chelyabinsk State University for Technol-ogy (
QGTU
) and Indiana University.
Contacts to author
.Office: Mathematics Department, Bashkir State University,32 Frunze street, 450074 Ufa, RussiaPhone: 7-(3472)-23-67-18Fax: 7-(3472)-23-67-74Home: 5 Rabochaya street, 450003 Ufa, RussiaPhone: 7-(917)-75-55-786E-mails:R Sharipov@ic.bashedu.rur-sharipov@mail.rura sharipov@lycos.comra sharipov@hotmail.comURL:http://www.geocities.com/r-sharipovISBN 5-7477-0099-5c
Sharipov R.A., 1996c
Bashkir State University, 1996English translationc
Sharipov R.A., 2004
 
CONTENTS.
CONTENTS. ............................................................................................... 3.PREFACE. .................................................................................................. 5.CHAPTER I. LINEAR VECTOR SPACES AND LINEAR MAPPINGS. ........ 6.
§
1. The sets and mappings. ......................................................................... 6.
§
2. Linear vector spaces. ........................................................................... 10.
§
3. Linear dependence and linear independence. ......................................... 14.
§
4. Spanning systems and bases. ................................................................ 18.
§
5. Coordinates. Transformation of the coordinates of a vectorunder a change of basis. ....................................................................... 22.
§
6. Intersections and sums of subspaces. ..................................................... 27.
§
7. Cosets of a subspace. The concept of factorspace. ................................. 31.
§
8. Linear mappings. ................................................................................ 36.
§
9. The matrix of a linear mapping. ........................................................... 39.
§
10. Algebraic operations with mappings.The space of homomorphisms Hom(
V,
). ........................................... 45.CHAPTER II. LINEAR OPERATORS. ...................................................... 50.
§
1. Linear operators. The algebra of endomorphisms End(
)and the group of automorphisms Aut(
). ............................................. 50.
§
2. Projection operators. ........................................................................... 56.
§
3. Invariant subspaces. Restriction and factorization of operators. .............. 61.
§
4. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. ............................................................... 66.
§
5. Nilpotent operators. ............................................................................ 72.
§
6. Root subspaces. Two theorems on the sum of root subspaces. ................ 79.
§
7. Jordan basis of a linear operator. Hamilton-Cayley theorem. ................. 83.CHAPTER III. DUAL SPACE. .................................................................. 87.
§
1. Linear functionals. Vectors and covectors. Dual space. .......................... 87.
§
2. Transformation of the coordinates of a covectorunder a change of basis. ....................................................................... 92.
§
3. Orthogonal complements in a dual spaces. ............................................ 94.
§
4. Conjugate mapping. ............................................................................ 97.CHAPTER IV. BILINEAR AND QUADRATIC FORMS. ......................... 100.
§
1. Symmetric bilinear forms and quadratic forms. Recovery formula. ....... 100.
§
2. Orthogonal complements with respect to a quadratic form. .................. 103.
§
3. Transformation of a quadratic form to its canonic form.Inertia indices and signature. ............................................................. 107.
§
4. Positive quadratic forms. Silvester’s criterion. ..................................... 114.

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