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Electro Motor Testing Procedure

Electro Motor Testing Procedure

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Published by MirzaAminudin
manual step by step for testing and repair procedure of electro motor
manual step by step for testing and repair procedure of electro motor

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Published by: MirzaAminudin on Jul 26, 2009
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06/09/2013

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PT. BINTANG LESTARI PERSADAElectro Mechanical Workshop
ELECTRO MOTOR TESTING PROCEDURE
AC LOW – MEDIUM VOLTAGE
1.Record name plate and perform visual inspection and reporting.
1.1.
Part listing (terminal, fan, pulley / coupling, thermostat, etc).1.2.Rotate shaft with hand (noise, jammed part, foreign object).1.3.Cooling device (damage, crack, leak)
1.4.
Complete condition
2.Perform Insulation Resistance test.
2.1.
The recommended insulation resistance to ground,
min
, when measure at or corrected to40° C is given by :
min
: n + 1
,
in Megohm. When
n
is the rated machine potential in kilovolt. A 500V Megohmmeter issuitable for testing of machine rated up to 2400V. above that voltage, a 1000V Megohmmeter is recommended. Test voltage should be applied for one minutes ( ref IEEE std. 43).2.2.If test are pass, continue to step 32.3.If test are fail, follow this step :2.3.1.Dismantling electro motor to perform complete inspection.2.3.2.Measuring Insulation resistance of Stator after rotor has been removed
2.3.3.
Perform inspection and documented for evidence of damage or degradation such as :1.Puffiness, cracking, separation or discoloration as indication of thermal aging.2.Contamination of coil and connection surface.3.Abrasion or other mechanical stresses.
4.
Evidence of partial discharge (Corona).5.Loose wedge, filler, ties, banding, or surge rings.6.Fretting of supports, Bracing, or Crossings (an indication of looseness andmovement).( ref IEEE std. 432 sec. 5. )
2.3.4.
Turn to Turn resistance or phase balance test (must equal, tolerance is ± 0,3 Ω).2.3.5.Surge test wave formUsing wave diagram as describe below to analyze winding condition.BAKER Surge Winding Analyzer ( ref BAKER Tech – Surge Test ).
2.3.6.
Perform Interlaminar insulation test with growler test.2.3.7.Polarity and ball rotation test.
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Low-Med Voltage AC Motor Rev. 1.1 - 2009By. Mirza Aminudin
 
PT. BINTANG LESTARI PERSADAElectro Mechanical Workshop
2.3.8.Complete reporting of electrical condition
3.
Polarization Index (P-I) test.
3.1.
P-I test should be performed at the same voltage as the test in paragraph 2.1 for 10 minutes.The recommended minimum value of polarization index for winding rated class B and higer is2.0.
PI=10 Minute Result1 Minute Result= ≥2.0
( ref : IEEE std. 43 sec 9.2 )
3.2.
P-I test below 2.0 is acceptable if insulation resistance result is more than 5000 Megohm( ref : IEEE Std. 43.2000. 12.2.2.2 )
4.Surge Test – Winding analyzer.
Reference to paragraph 2.3.5. from the wave graphic we can determine is winding are in goodcondition. Perform full reporting with print out or photograph of the result.
5.Perform No-Load Test.
5.1.SpeedNo-load running test should be made at rated voltage and frequency. Measure and comparewith nameplate speed.5.2.CurrentNo-Load current should be compared with full load current.5.3.Cooling systemThe cooling system must be verified as being operational5.4.Sound levelTest may be made for sound level as an indication of fault or as an irritation to those in themachine ambient.( ref. NEMA stds. MG 1-12.53, 1-12.81, and 1-20.50 )
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Low-Med Voltage AC Motor Rev. 1.1 - 2009By. Mirza Aminudin
 
PT. BINTANG LESTARI PERSADAElectro Mechanical Workshop
5.5.Bearing temperatureAmbient and bearing housing temperatures may be measured periodically until temperaturesare stabilized.5.6.Frame temperatureAmbient and Frame temperatures may be measured periodically until temperatures arestabilized.5.7.Vibration testThe vibration test should be in accordancewith NEMA std. MG 1-7 for standardmachine, as arrange with customer, or asnecessary to check the operatingcharacteristics of the machine. When thereare special requirements, NEMA std. MG 1-7for special machine is recommended.The unfiltered vibrations limits for resilientlymounted on standard machine (having nospecial vibration requirement), and based onrotational speed, are shown in next table.Vibration levels for speed above 1200 rpmare based on peak velocity of 0.15 inch/s (3.8 mm/s). Vibration limit for speed below about1200 rpm, are based on the peak-to-peak velocity equivalent of 0.0025 inch (0.0635 mm)peak-to-peak displacement. For machine with rigid mounting, multiply the limiting value by0.8.To obtain approximate metric rms equivalent, multiply the peak vibration in in/s by 18.
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Low-Med Voltage AC Motor Rev. 1.1 - 2009By. Mirza Aminudin

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