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Oracle 10g IMP Notes of Dinesh

Oracle 10g IMP Notes of Dinesh



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Published by dinch

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Published by: dinch on Jul 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What is SQL & What is Useful For Oracle ?Using SQL you can communicate with the oracle server.SQL has the following advantages:*Efficient.*Easy to learn and use.*Functionally complete with SQL you can define , retrieve and manipulate data inthe tables.*SQL is a command language for commuication with the oracle sever from any tool or application. The Oracle Server Provides an open comprehensive and integrated approach to information management an oracleserver consists of an oracle database and an oracle instant every time a database is started in the System Global Area -SGA is allocated and oracle background processes are also started the System Global Area is an area of memory usedfor database information shared by the database users the combination of the background processes and memorybuffers is called and oracle instance. SQL StatementsDQL- Data Querying LanguageSelectDML- Data Manipulation LanguageInsert , Update , Delete , Merge DDL- Data Definition LanguageCreate , Alter , Drop , TruncateDCL- Data Control LanguageGrant , RevokeTCL- Transaction Control LanguageCommit , Rollback , Savepoint For Set Line Write this CommandSQL> Set Lines 130 (Number n) Projection- Choose the columns in a table that you want returned by your query. Selection- Choose the rows in a table that you want returned by your query. Joining- To bring together data that is stored in different tables by creating a link between them.Select - Identifies what columnsFrom - Identifies which tables* - Star Retrieves all data; - Semicolon execution eg:-Select * from Tab ;Arithmetic ExpressionsLow Priority High PriorityAdd+Subtract-Multiply*Divide /  Create expressions with Number and Date by using Arithmetic Operators.Same priority is evaluated from left to right.Using Column AliasesAlias - AS " "eg:-Select last_name as "Name" , commission_pct comm from employees ;Using Concatenation Operater( || ) Two Vertical Bars eg:-Select last_name||job_id as "employees" from employees ;Page 1

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