Foreword to the first
Preface to the first
edition:Do you need
to read this book?
2.8 Problem 6:You don’t know where to start searching
2.11 The Cochrane Library
3.1 The science of “trashing”papers
3.2 Three preliminary questions to get your bearings
3.3Randomised controlled trials
3.4 Cohort studies
3.5 Case-control studies
3.6 Cross-sectional surveys
3.8 The traditional hierarchy of evidence
3.9 A note on ethical considerations
4.1 Was the study original?
4.2 Who is the study about?
4.3 Was the design of the study sensible?
4.4 Was systematic bias avoided or minimised?
4.5 Was assessment “blind”?
4.6 Were preliminary statistical questions addressed?
4.7 Summing up
5.1 How can non-statisticians evaluate statistical tests?
5.2 Have the authors set the scene correctly?
5.3 Paired data,tails,and outliers
5.4 Correlation,regression,and causation
5.5 Probability and confidence
5.6 The bottom line (quantifying the risk of benefit
6.1 “Evidence”and marketing
6.2 Making decisions about therapy
6.3 Surrogate endpoints
6.4 How to get evidence out of a drug rep
7.1 Ten men in the dock
7.2 Validating diagnostic tests against a gold standard
7.4 A note on likelihood ratios
8.1 When is a review systematic?
8.2 Evaluating systematic reviews
8.3 Metaanalysis for the non-statistician
8.4 Explaining heterogeneity
9.1 The great guidelines debate
9.2 Do guidelines change clinicians’behaviour?
9.3 Questions to ask about a set of guidelines
10.1 What is economic analysis?
10.2 Measuring the costs and benefits of health
10.3 Ten questions to ask about an economic analysis
11.1 What is qualitative research?
11.2 Evaluating papers that describe qualitative
12.4 The evidence based organisation:a question of
12.5 Theories of change
based quality filters for
sensitive search strings
(to be used mainly for
the effects of an