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english grammar plus

english grammar plus

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Published by Virginia

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Published by: Virginia on Jul 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/09/2013

Think of traffic lights as words.

Words, just like traffic lights, are nothing but symbols that need to be understood if the people want to use them effectively. Our culture tells us that red means \u2018stop\u2019 and green means \u2018go.\u2019 However, without universal understanding of the meaning ofre d andg re e n, there will be traffic jams. The same thing is true with language.

A standard language is necessary to make communication more effective
and the people more productive.

Thus, there is a need for you to learn grammar.Gra mmar is the study of the relationship of words in a sentence. Studying grammar allows you to decode a language that is globally accepted.

This book gives you basic knowledge on which sentence is acceptable and which is not, so you could avoid the latter. It also guides you on what appropriate part of speech you should use in order to express your thoughts effectively as you make the subject and the action word agree with each other.

Realizing that the choice of words is important, this book also includes some
commonly used idioms and a list of some frequently misused words. You
ought to use and understand idioms if you want to communicate with native
English speakers.
Aside from correct word choices, this book also makes you conscious of the
punctuation marks that make writing more dynamic.
This book hopes to give you a strong foundation on basic grammar so you
could confidently conquer the world by using ENGLISH to your advantage.
Remember that a good command of English language can get you a job,
and make you more credible.IT\u2019S ABOUT TIME FOR YOU TO REVIVE
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE LITERACY THAT FILIPINOS WERE
ONCE WELL-KNOWN FOR.
-- Virginia B. Bautista
PART 1:
SENTENCE
----------------------
1
Subject and Predicate
--------------------------
2
Simple and Complete
--------------------------
2
Clauses
--------------------------
4
Sentence Fragment
--------------------------
11
Run-on Sentence
--------------------------
13
PART 2:PARTS OF SPEECH
-------------------------
19
Nouns

-------------------------
19
Pronouns

-------------------------
30
Verbs
-------------------------
36
Simple Tenses
-------------------------
44
Perfect Tenses
-------------------------
49
Progressive Tenses
-------------------------
52
Adjectives
-------------------------
59
Adverb
-------------------------
65
Preposition
-------------------------
68
Conjunction
-------------------------
71
Interjection
-------------------------
75
PART 3:SUBJECT & VERB AGREEMENT----------
77
PART 4:IDIOMS
-------------------------
87
PART 5:A GUIDE TO PUNCTUATION----------------
97
PART 6:FREQUENTLY MISUSED WORDS----------
105
Part 1
Compare the two sets of examples below:
A
B
1. The woman wearing pink 1. The woman wearing
dress
pink dress is reading
a newspaper.
2. The man who won
2. He won.
the lottery
3. watching TV
3. The children are
watching Dora the
Explorer.

The entries in columnA are NOT sentences because they don\u2019t convey complete thoughts. On the other hand, all entries in columnB are examples of a sentence. Each of them has asubject and apredicate which make them have a complete thought.

What is a subject?
oWord or words about which something is said.
oIt is either anoun orp ron o u n.
What is a predicate?
It tells something about the subject
IMPORTANT!

A subject and a predicate are called SIMPLE if they have
only one word. The predicate is usually a verb. If they
contain modifiers, then they are called COMPLETE.

Example:
1.
The man standing near the cafeteria is a Korean
simple subject
simple predicate
ASEN TENC E is a word or a group of
words that has a com
p
lete thou
g
ht.
1
national studying in this pretigious university.
The man standing near the cafeteria is a Korean
complete subject
national studying in this pretigious university.
complete predicate
Examples showing simple subjects and simple predicates:
1.
I frequently
work at home.
simple subject simple predicate
2.
The children
read
books every day.
simple subject simple predicate
3.
She likes him very much.
simple
simple predicate
subject
4.
All the citizens go out to vote.
simple
simple predicate
subject
5. The senior class studies Physics.
simple
simple predicate
subject
Examples showing complete subjects and complete
predicates:
1.
The director of the school gives lectures on how to
complete subject
complete predicate
survive in college.
2. Listening to music is one of Vanessa\u2019s hobbies.
complete subject
complete predicate
3. Josie and Ana eat their favorite
breakfast at
complete subject
complete predicate
Pancake House every Saturday.
4.
New York is also called \u201cThe Big Apple.\u201d
complete
subject
complete predicate
5.
Gina\u2019s aunt works in Canada as a nanny.
complete subject
complete predicate
Directions:
I.
Underline the SIMPLE SUBJECT once and the
SIMPLE PREDICATE twice.
1.
Growing children need to drink milk.
2.
Your fee includes laboratory expenses.
3.
Burnham Park looks stunning even at night.
4.
Vivien loves to bake chocolate chip cookies.
5.
The principal says that closed books never open one\u2019s
mind.
II.
Underline COMPLETE SUBJECT once and the
COMPLETE PREDICATE twice.
6.
Riza tells her son not to text while he is driving.
7.
I don\u2019t like the hip-hop music that you always play.
8.
Her term paper was rejected by the professor.
9.
Dani always watches The Tyra Banks show.
2
3

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