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Identifies and summarises the relevant facts from the business case and Nossal’s website
Climate change is a change in the average pattern of weather over a long period of time. There is clear evidence that our climate is changing, largely due to human activities. Developing countries are oftenthe most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. These countries are often least equipped toinfluence global discussions on climate change because of costs such as transport and accommodation aswell as a lack of resources, limited funds, weak economies and a low standard of living and already poor infrastructure makes it difficult.Australia is working with developing country partners, communities, and organisations such as the Nossal Institute for Global Health (Nossal), which is actively involved in research, education anddevelopment practises in addressing global health issues, helping support developing countries andcontributing to a global solution, with one man leading and voicing the cause Mike Sewell, his researchand work has highlighted Business Sustainability and responsibility. This report will focus on addressingthe impacts, social issues and list ways that accountants can play in addressing climate change withreference to
Nossal’s business operations
Impacts of Climate Change:
Outlines several items that specifically relate to Nossal’s business operations that need to be examined
because climate change impacts themFor developing countries with poor economies and weak socioeconomic structures, devastation caused by climate change can have grave consequences. Nossal is involved with Health promotion and isfocused on improving global health in the long term, however the impact of environmental issues suchas climate change could result in key public health threats.
Climate change is merely one of many factors influencing the genesis of diseases.
Global warming increases the chances of catching life-threatening diseases that are more prevalent in poorer countries (malaria)
Changes in climate can also work to the advantage of warm-blooded pests (Hantavirus disease)
Increasing evaporation of water from the oceans will increase the likelihood of floods.
A consequent acute shortage of clean drinking water and infection from contaminated water often leads to an increase in cases of hepatitis-A and cholera.
The destruction of croplands and the wiping out of harvests result in undernourishment.
When drought strikes, the consequences for health are mostly an indirect result of impaired food production. Chronic undernourishment intensifies quickly into starvation. When water is scarce,its priority use is in cooking, with little left over for washing and hygiene. This results, amongother things, in an increased incidence of trachoma and scabies.
Changes in precipitation and temperature can therefore compromise food supply and canindirectly affect public health.
When water is stored for long periods, or has faecal contamination, outbreaks of diarrhoea occur.
Undernourishment increases susceptibility to infection
The effects of atmospheric pollution on public health, the combination of local air pollution andwarm weather is a heightened risk factor for the rising incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders (COPD).