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digital visual interface

digital visual interface

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Published by sandhyaraninaga
seminor topic about digital visual interface
seminor topic about digital visual interface

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Published by: sandhyaraninaga on Jul 27, 2009
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02/05/2013

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DIGITAL VISUAL INTERFACE
INTRODUCTION:
DVI is an acronym for Digital Visual Interface and
carriesuncompressed digital video
date to a display. When thesecables first came on the market in 1999, they were primarily usedfor connecting the computer monitor to the PC, but today, thesecables are now used for television set connection especially flatscreen TVs.
Digital Visual Interface is a video interface standard designed to maximizethe visual quality of digital display devices such as flat panel LCD computerdisplays and digital projectors.
It is developed by an industry consortium, the Digital Display WorkingGroup (DDWG).
It is designed for carrying uncompressed digital video data to a display.
Block Diagram of DVI system
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EXISTING SYSTEMS
HDMI is an acronym for high definition multimedia interface. This is a newerform of cable introduced in 2002 to coincide with the introduction of highdefinition television.HDMI connectorThe HDMI cable is an all-digital video interface cable that can transmituncompressed streams of data. This cable
carries both audio and videosignals
.
It's a medium-sized 19-pin connection that's becoming standard on a rangeof audio-visual products. For TV, DVD and game playing it takes over thefunction of the Europe-wide SCART socket by carrying sound and picturessimultaneously. Unlike the SCART, HDMI uses digital signals throughout. Itcan also replace separate digital audio connections, such as optical or coaxialleads. In theory this makes an Audio Visual system simpler to link together. The TV will also need an HDMI input - preferably more than one to allow foradditional items at a later date. If there are not enough HDMI inputs, switch-boxes are available for connecting more than one HDMI product andswapping between them. One, two or more HDMI inputs are now standard onmost new flat-panel LCD and plasma TVs as well as rear-projection TVs andstandalone video projectors.
HDMI Input
2
 
DISADVANTAGES OF DVI
Requires a separate audio cable, unlikeHDMI.
DVI-A and DVI-D devices aren't compatible.
Low availability of models with digital interfaces.
Requires graphic board with digital output.
PROPOSED SYSTEMS
Higher spectral efficiency will be a key feature of any acceptable radio interface beyond 3G. A promising approach for the downlink, is to adaptively multiplex user data onto an OFDM transmission scheme. This will minimize interference betweenusers within a cell and efficiently allows users to share the total bandwidth. In sucha system, spectral efficiency can be improved by allocating the time-frequencyresources based on throughput requirements, quality of service constraints and thechannel qualities of each user.
Proposed successors
IEEE 1394is proposed byHigh Definition Audio-Video Network Alliance  (HANA Alliance) for all cabling needs, including video, over CoAx and/or1394 cable as a combined data stream.High-Definition Multimedia Interface(HDMI), aforward-compatiblestandard, that also includesdigital audio transmission. Unified Display Interface(UDI) was proposed byIntelto replace both DVI and HDMI, but was deprecated in favor of DisplayPort.DisplayPortis a license-free standard proposed byVESAto succeed DVI, which also hasDRMcapabilities.
ADVANTAGES OF DVI
Mainly that it is digital. With VGA, the computer makes a digital videooutput, converts it to analogue to go down the VGA cable and then themonitor converts it back to digital. With DVI, it's digital all the way, so higherquality.
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