GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call)
HighwayMarylandGSMFixedNetworkGSM MobilesMaryland Location AreaMaryland GSMEquipmentGSM CommonEquipmentPSTNGSMMobileOther GSMMobileRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandBSCMarylandMSC VLRHLRGMSCPSTN
31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 1)
How does a GSM mobile phone receive a call?We have already seen that GSM mobiles keep the GSM network informed about their current location area. The knowledge of the location areais not adequate for setting up a terminating call as the location area might spawn several cells.In this call flow we will look at how a terminating call is handled in GSM. Setting up a terminating call is a two step process. (1) Interrogationprocedure to locate the subscriber (2) Actual call setup after the subscriber has been located.http://www.EventHelix.com/RealtimeMantra/Telecom/GSM_network_example.htmCopyright © 2000-2004 EventHelix.com Inc. All Rights Reserved.Interrogation procedureISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
A PSTN subscriber calls themobile phone by dialing theGSM phone number (MSISDN).The PSTN will use the MSISDNto locate the GMSC (GatewayMobile Switching Center) for theservice provider. Once theGMSC has been identified, thePSTN sends the ISUP InitialAddress Message to the GMSC.MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION
The GMSC requests routinginformation for the GSMsubscriber from the HLR (HomeLocation Register).
Obtain the SS7 address ofthe MSC VLR currentlyserving the specifiedMSISDN
The HLR uses the dialed numberto locate the HLR entry for thesubscriber. The SS7 address forthe MSC VLR serving thesubscriber is obtained from thisrecord. (Recall that the SS7address of the serving MSC VLRwas updated via an inter VLRlocation update.)MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER
The HLR has identified that thesubscriber is currently beingserved by the Maryland MSCVLR. The HLR then asks theMSC VLR to assign a temporaryroaming phone number to thesubscriber.
The Maryland MSC VLRallocates a temporary roamingphone number (MSRN -MobileStation Roaming Number)MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER RESULT
The MSRN is then passed to theHLR.MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION RESULT
HLR passes the MSRN to theGMSC.ISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
The GMSC uses the MSRN toroute the call to the MarylandMSC VLR.
The Maryland MSC VLR receivesthe call. At this point, the MSRNis marked free and may bereassigned for other calls. (This