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Plasma Screen

Plasma Screen

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Published by manoj kumar

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Published by: manoj kumar on Jul 27, 2009
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Plasma display
 
An example of a plasma displayA plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of  flat panel display now commonly used for largeTVdisplays (typically above 37-inch or 940 mm). Many tiny cells locatedbetween two panels of  glass hold an inert mixture of  noble gases(neonand xenon
 
).The gas in the cells is electrically turned into aplasmawhich then excites phosphors  to emitlight. Plasma displays are commonly confused withLCDs, another lightweight flatscreen display but very different technology.
 
 History
 
 
Plasma displays were first used in PLATO computer terminals. This PLATO Vmodel illustrates the display's monochromatic orange glow as seen in 1981.The plasma video display was co-invented on 1964 in theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaignby Donald Bitzer, H. Gene Slottow, and graduate student Robert Willson for thePLATO Computer System. The original monochrome(orange, green, yellow) video display panels were very popular in the early 1970sbecause they were rugged and needed neither memory nor circuitry to refresh theimages. A long period of 
 
sales decline occurred in the late 1970s as semiconductormemory made CRT displays cheaper than plasma displays.
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Nonetheless, the plasma displays' relatively large screen size and thin body madethem suitable for high-profile placement in lobbies and stock exchanges.In 1983,IBMintroduced a 19-inch (48 cm) orange-on-black monochrome display(model 3290 'information panel') which was able to show four simultaneousIBM 3270virtual machine (VM) terminal sessions. That factory was transferred in 1987to startup companyPlasmaco, which Dr.Larry F. Weber, one of Dr. Bitzer's students, founded withStephen Globus, as well as James Kehoe, who was the IBMplant manager.In 1992,Fujitsuintroduced the world's first 21-inch (53 cm) full-color display. Itwas a hybrid, based upon the plasma display created at theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignandNHK  STRL, achieving superior brightness. In 1996, MatsushitaElectrical Industries (Panasonic
 
) purchased Plasmaco, its colorAC technology, and its American factory. In 1997, Fujitsu introduced the first 42-inch (107 cm) plasma display; it had 852x480 resolution and was progressivelyscanned.
Also in 1997,Pioneerstarted selling the first plasma television to thepublic. Many current plasma televisions, thinner and of larger area than theirpredecessors, are in use. Their thin size allows them to compete with large areaprojection screens.Screen sizes have increased since the introduction of plasma displays. The largestplasma video display in the world at the 2008Consumer Electronics ShowinLas  Vegas, Nevada,USA,North Americawas a 150-inch (381 cm) unit manufactured by Matsushita Electrical Industries (Panasonic) standing 6 ft (180 cm) tall by 11 ft (330cm) wide and expected to initially retail at US$150,000.
Until quite recently, the superior brightness, faster response time, greater colorspectrum, and widerviewing angleof color plasma video displays, when comparedwithLCD televisions, made them one of the most popular forms of display forHDTV flat panel displays.For a long time it was widely believed that LCD technology was suited only to smaller sized televisions, and could not compete withplasma technology at larger sizes, particularly 40 inches (100 cm) and above. Sincethen, improvements in LCD technology have narrowed the technological gap. Thelower weight, falling prices, higher available resolution (important for HDTV), andoften lower electrical power consumption of LCDs make them competitive withplasma television sets. As of late 2006, analysts note that LCDs are overtakingplasmas, particularly in the important 40-inch (1.0 m) and above segment where
 
plasma had previously enjoyed strong dominance.
Another industry trend is theconsolidation of manufacturers of plasma displays, with around fifty brandsavailable but only five manufacturers. In the 1Q of 2008 a comparison of worldwideTV sales breaks down to 22.1 million for CRT, 21.1 million for LCD, 2.8 million forPlasma, and 124 thousand for rear-projection.
General characteristics
Plasma displays are bright (1000luxor higher for the module), have a wide colorgamut, and can be produced in fairly large sizes, up to 381 cm (150 inches)diagonally. They have a very low-luminance "dark-room" black level compared tothe lighter grey of the unilluminated parts of an LCD screen. The display panel isonly about 6 cm (2.5 inches) thick, while the total thickness, including electronics, isless than 10 cm (4 inches). Plasma displays use as much powerper square meter as a CRTor an AMLCDtelevision. Power consumption varies greatly with picture content, with bright scenes drawing significantly more power than darker ones.Nominal power rating is typically 400 watts for a 50-inch (127 cm) screen. Post-2006models consume 220 to 310 watts for a 50-inch (127 cm) display when set to cinemamode. Most screens are set to 'shop' mode by default, which draws at least twice thepower (around 500-700 watts) of a 'home' setting of less extreme brightness.
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The lifetime of the latest generation of plasma displays is estimated at 60,000 hoursof actual display time, or 27 years at 6 hours per day. This is the estimated time overwhich maximum picture brightness degrades to half the original value, notcatastrophic failure.Competing displays include the CRT,OLED, AMLCD,DLP, SED-tv, andfield  emissionflat panel displays. Advantages of plasma display technology are that alarge, very thin screen can be produced, and that the image is very bright and has awide viewing angle.
Functional details
 

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