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Website

Website

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Published by: manoj kumar on Jul 27, 2009
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Website
A website (alternatively, web site or Web site, a back-construction from the proper noun  World Wide Web)is a collection of  Web pages,images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers,usually accessible via the Internet. A Web page is a document, typically written in (X
 
)HTML,that is almost always accessible via HTTP,a protocol that transfers information from theWeb serverto display in the user's Web  browser.All publicly accessible websites are seen collectively as constituting the "World Wide Web".The pages of websites can usually be accessed from a common root URL called thehomepage, and usually reside on the same physical server. The URLs of the pages organize them into ahierarchy, although the hyperlinks between them control how the reader perceives the overall  structure and how thetrafficflows between the different parts of the sites. Some websites require asubscription to access some or all of their content. Examples of  subscription sites include many business sites, parts of many news sites,academic journal  sites, gaming sites,message boards,Web-based e-mail,services, social networking websites, and sites providing real-time stock marketdata. Becasue they require authentication to view the content they are technically an IntranetsiteIntranetContents[hide]
o
o
 
] HistoryThe first online website appeared in 1991.
[
]
On 30 April 1993,CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to anyone.
Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP other protocols such asfile transfer protocol and the gopher protocolwere used to retrieve individual files from a server. These protocols offer a simple directory structure which the user navigates and choses files to download.Documents were most often presented as plain text files without formatting or encoded inword processorformats.Web sitehistory includes four main stages depending on the complexity of design and thelevel of development of  Information Technologies.
 
The first stage is associated with the invention of the first web browser, Mosaic (1991).Website design at that time was determined by technical restrictions including inability totransfer the data quickly, monochrome monitors and slow modem connection. The design of the sites was plain and simple with headline banners and a full-page text. With timeHTML was improved, so the web sites of the second stage were more professional and oversaturated with colored graphics,numerous icons and bullets. Although designers began to pay attention to the load time, web design was still limited with the necessity toadapt site to the certainscreen resolution and to 8bit or 24bit monitors. Introduction of Flashtechnology marked the beginning of the third stage of web designhistory with its main purpose to deliver media content to the Internet users and attract morecustomers. The site structure and its navigation system came into the picture in order to allowusers to find what they need quickly.In practice, the fourth stage repeats the main principles of the third stage with someimprovements and distinguishing characteristic such as abundance of multi-mediacontentand unique web–driven selling propositions which can only be delivered on the World Wide  Web.[edit] OverviewOrganized by function a website may be
anon-profit organizationwebsiteIt could be the work of an individual, a business or other organization and is typicallydedicated to some particular topic or purpose. Any website can contain a hyperlink to any other website, so the distinction between individual sites, as perceived by the user, maysometimes be blurred.Websites are written in, or dynamically converted to,HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) and are accessed using asoftware interface classified as an user agent.Web pages can be viewed or otherwise accessed from a range of computer-based and Internet-enabled devices of various sizes, includingdesktop computers, laptop computers, PDAsand cell phones. A website ishostedon acomputer system known as a web server,also called an HTTP server, and these terms can also refer to thesoftware that runs on these system and that retrieves and delivers the Web pages in response to requests from the website users.Apacheis the mostcommonly used Web server software (according toNetcraftstatistics) andMicrosoft's Internet Information Server (IIS) is also commonly used.[edit
 
] Website styles[edit] Static WebsiteA
 Static Website
is one that has web pages stored on the server in the same form as the userwill view them. It is primarily coded in HTML (Hyper-text Markup Language).A static website is also called a Classic website, a 5-page website or a Brochure websitebecause it simply presents pre-defined information to the user. It may include informationabout a company and its products and services via text, photos, Flash animation, audio/videoand interactive menus and navigation.
 
This type of website usually displays the same information to all visitors, thus the informationis static. Similar to handing out a printed brochure to customers or clients, a static websitewill generally provide consistent, standard information for an extended period of time.Although the website owner may make updates periodically, it is a manual process to edit thetext, photos and other content and may require basic website design skills and software.In summary, visitors are not able to control what information they receive via a static website,and must instead settle for whatever content the website owner has decided to offer at thattime.They are edited using four broad categories of software:
Text editors.such as Notepad or TextEdit,where the HTML is manipulated directly within the editor program
WYSIWYGoffline editors. such asMicrosoft FrontPage and Adobe Dreamweaver  (previously Macromedia Dreamweaver), where the site is edited using a GUI  interface and the underlying HTML is generated automatically by the editorsoftware
WYSIWYG Online editors, where the any media rich online presentation likewebsites, widgets, intro, blogs etc. are created on a flash based platform.
Template-based editors, such asRapidweaverand iWeb,which allow users to quickly create and upload websites to a web server without having to know anythingabout HTML, as they just pick a suitable template from a palette and add picturesand text to it in a DTP-like fashion without ever having to see any HTML code. [edit] Dynamic website
 Main article: Dynamic web page
A
 Dynamic Website
is one that does not have web pages stored on the server in the same formas the user will view them. Instead, the web page content changes automatically and/orfrequently based on certain criteria. It generally collates information on the hop each time apage is requested.There are two meanings for a dynamic website. The first is that the web page code isconstructed dynamically. The second is that the web page content displayed varies based oncertain criteria. The criteria may be pre-defined rules or may be based on variable user input.A dynamic website is also called aWeb Application,a Data-driven website or an oCRAFT website because it presents variable information that is tailored to a particular user. It mayaccept a user’s input and respond to the request. For example, a user can enter text into alogin form or keyword search, which prompts the website to fulfill the request and return aunique result. In addition, the user may be able to perform tasks that may alter the websiteitself, such as post a comment or update a user profile. Examples of task-based websitesinclude, online banking, shopping, e-learning,andsocial networking.Furthermore, the website may be able to make instant decisions on the fly in various situations, such as onlinequiz scoring or credit card processing.This type of website usually displays different information depending on the visitor, thus theinformation is dynamic. Similar to talking to a customer service representative on thetelephone, a dynamic website will provide personalized, real-time information and take theappropriate action intended to serve the customer’s needs immediately. The website usuallyrequires advanced programming and a database, and it often includes admin tools for thewebsite owner to update the website content frequently and easily.In summary, visitors are able to control what information they wish to receive via a dynamicwebsite, instead of settling for only static content that the website owner has decided to offer.

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