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Applying Cost Benefit Analysis at a Community Level: A review of its use for community based climate and disaster risk management

Applying Cost Benefit Analysis at a Community Level: A review of its use for community based climate and disaster risk management

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Published by Oxfam
This report reviews 23 studies that have applied cost benefit analysis (CBA) to assess community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation projects. The review shows that CBA at a community level is adding value to our understanding of the effectiveness of efforts to reduce climate and disaster risk
This report reviews 23 studies that have applied cost benefit analysis (CBA) to assess community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation projects. The review shows that CBA at a community level is adding value to our understanding of the effectiveness of efforts to reduce climate and disaster risk

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Published by: Oxfam on Oct 18, 2013
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01/28/2014

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OXFAM RESEARCH REPORTS JUNE 2013
 
Oxfam Research Reports
 are written to share research results, to contribute to public debate and to invite feedback on development and humanitarian policy and practice. They do not necessarily reflect Oxfam policy positions. The views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of Oxfam. 
www.oxfam.org 
APPLYING COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS AT A COMMUNITY LEVEL
 
 A review of its use for community based climate and disaster risk management 
OENONE CHADBURN & CHRIS ANDERSON
Tearfund and Oxfam GB
COURTENAY CABOT VENTON & SARAH SELBY
Freelance consultants
This report reviews 23 studies that have applied cost benefit analysis (CBA) to assess community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation projects. The review shows that CBA at a community level is adding value to our understanding of the effectiveness of efforts to reduce climate and disaster risk
 –
 often with unexpected findings. This report identifies common methodological approaches and differences in the application of CBA and also highlights me-thodological limitations. Finally, after summarizing gaps in our understanding, the report concludes with key messages emerging from the study and outlines recommendations for addressing gaps and moving the agenda forward.
 
2 Applying Cost Benefit Analysis at the Community Level
 ABBREVIATIONS
 ADWAC Agency for the Development of Women and Children  AP Andhra Pradesh BCR Benefit to cost ratio BRC British Red Cross CBA Cost benefit analysis CBO Community-based organization CBDRM Community-based disaster risk management CBDRR Community-based disaster risk reduction CCA Climate change adaptation CCAP Church of Central Africa Presbyterian CDD Community-driven development CFW Cash for work CSEDR Community-based Sigmoid Exponential Disaster Risk CSOs Civil society organizations CU Concern Universal DFID UK Department for International Development DMP Disaster mitigation and preparedness DPC Disaster preparedness committees DRR Disaster risk reduction DRM Disaster risk management EcB Ecosystem-based approaches EWS Early warning system FAOSTAT Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics Division FGD Focus group discussions FJ$ Fiji dollar GAR Global Assessment Report GEF GIS Global Environment Facility Geographic Information System GTZ The German Organisation for Technical Cooperation IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IRR Internal rate of return ISDR International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction ISET Institute for Social and Environmental Transition JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency KAPB Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Behaviour (survey) KDRRI Kailali Disaster Risk Reduction Initiative LCDRR Livelihood-centred approaches to DRR
 
 Applying Cost Benefit Analysis at the Community Level 3
M&E Monitoring and evaluation frameworks NPR Nepalese rupees NPV Net present value NRC Nepal Red Cross NGOs Non-government organizations OA Oxfam America PACC Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change PCVA Participatory capacity and vulnerability assessment SCBA SLM Social cost benefit analysis Sustainable land management SRCS Sudanese Red Cross Society SROI Social return on investment SOPAC The Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission SPREP SWC Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme Soil and Water Conservation TEERR The Economics of Early Response and Disaster Resilience UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change USD US dollars VCA Vulnerability and capacity assessment VFM Value for money WB World Bank WKCDD/FM Western Kenya Community Driven Development and Flood Mitigation WST Samoa Tala (currency)

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