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10 Chem Hydrogen Reactions

10 Chem Hydrogen Reactions

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Published by: Melinda on Jul 27, 2009
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HYDROGEN REACTIONSSource: http://www.webelements.com/hydrogen/
Isolation: in the laboratory, small amounts of hydrogen gas may be made by the reaction of calciumhydride with water.CaH
2
+ 2H
2
O → Ca(OH)
2
+ 2H
2
 This is quite efficient in the sense that 50% of the hydrogen produced comes from water. Anothervery convenient laboratory scale experiment follows Boyle's early synthesis, the reaction of ironfilings with dilute sulphuric acid.Fe + H
2
SO
4
→ FeSO
4
+ H
2
 There are many industrial methods for the production of hydrogen and that used will depend uponlocal factors such as the quantity required and the raw materials to hand. Two processes in useinvolve heating coke with steam in the water gas shift reaction or hydrocarbons such as methane with steam.CH
4
+ H
2
O (1100°C) → CO + 3H
2
C(coke) + H
2
O (1000°C) → CO + H
2
In both these cases, further hydrogen may be made by passing the CO and steam over hot (400°C)iron oxide or cobalt oxide.CO + H
2
O → CO
2
+ H
2
2 HCOOH → 2 H
2
+ 2 CO
2
(3)
Source: http://witcombe.sbc.edu/water/chemistryelectrolysis.html
2H2O + ENERGY = 2H2 + O22H2O + CATALYST+ energy = 2H2 + O2 + CATALYST 
Source: http://mattson.creighton.edu/H2/index.html
Ca(s) + 2 H2O(l) Ca(OH)2(s) + H2(g)

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