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Urban Poverty Allieviation -WBpaper-Final October 2008

Urban Poverty Allieviation -WBpaper-Final October 2008

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Published by Kim Murphy-Stewart
Gardening the 'Hood - poverty allieviation
Gardening the 'Hood - poverty allieviation

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Published by: Kim Murphy-Stewart on Oct 18, 2013
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10/18/2013

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Urban AgricultureFor Sustainable Poverty Alleviation andFood Security
Abstract
The paper provides an updated insight on the role that urban agriculture can play in pursuingthe Millennium Development Goals and more specifically MDG 1 and 7, related to povertyreduction, food security, and environmental sustainability. Reference is made to urbanagriculture in relation to the recent and important issues affecting the world economy and theenvironment, regarding climate change, soaring food and energy prices. It intends to raiseawareness and inform decision makers and planners of the different aspects of urbanagriculture, which entails a broad range of activities, related to the food production anddistribution chain, within natural resources planning and use including urban and peri-urbanforestry. The paper further illustrates ongoing initiatives that substantiate how UPA can, indifferent environments, play its role as a source of employment, income and food which arethe indicators towards poverty reduction and improved food security. Without beingexhaustive, reference is made to major key players and stakeholders that are committed andinvolved in advocating and promoting UPA as a key area of agriculture policy and sustainabledevelopment strategies. The paper intends to provide the necessary background that wouldfacilitate further initiatives and recognize UPA as a means to improve the livelihoods of theurban poor.
 
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Table of contents
1. Introduction2. Urban Agriculture in the context of achieving MDGs3. Urban Agriculture to improve food and nutrition security of the urban poor
3.1 Food security and right to food3.2 Nutrition and healthy diet
4. Urban agriculture: challenges and lessons learned
4.1 Diversified productive activities4.2 Group organization and training4.3 Access to credit and other financial services4.4 Food processing and street foods4.5 Urban Food supply and marketing4.6
Vulnerability of the urban environment
4.6.1 Security of tenure and land use4.6.2 Water scarcity and management4.6.3 Health and sanitation4.6.4 Waste management, contamination
5. Major issues for sustainable UPA
5.1 Awareness raising and advocacy5.2 UPA in urban planning5.2.1 Mapping worldwide UPA status5.2.2 Legal framework for UPA5.3 UPA stakeholders and partnerships5.4 Rural-urban linkages5.5 Natural resources, energy and environment preservation5.5.1 Water resource management in context of increasing demand andclimate change5.5.2 Multipurpose urban forestry and greening5.5.3 Disaster and Risk Management5.6 Economic and social sustainability
6. Conclusions7. Selected references

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