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Philippians 3 Commentary

Philippians 3 Commentary

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Published by GLENN DALE PEASE

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Jul 28, 2009
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02/05/2013

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Philippians 3 Commentary
Written and edited by Glenn Pease
PREFACE
The following commentary consists of my own thoughts combined with the thoughtsof the many authors both ancient and modern who have made comments on thismost important letter of Paul. I have quoted so many others because I have found ineach a unique way to convey the ideas that Paul is seeking to communicate.Sometimes I have not been able to give credit, and if anyone discovers the name of the author quoted and lets me know, I will gladly give credit where credit is due. If anyone does not want their quotes expressed in this commentary, they can let meknow as well, and I will delete them. My e-mail is glenn_p86@yahoo.com Thepurpose of this commentary is to bring the thoughts of many authors together in oneplace in order to save the Bible student a lot of time in research. All of the commentsare available to anyone, but it takes an enormous amount of time to read all of theresources. I have brought together what I feel are the best thoughts on the text inthis one place to save others the time. The majority of my quotes come from the sitecalled Preceptaustin. It has the largest collection of comments and illustrations onthis chapter of any site, but I have edited a great amount of their text and simplifiedit for the average reader. Many quotes are repetitious, and I have sought to use onlythose with a unique perspective. The numbering system uses letters as well asnumbers because it gives me the freedom to add new material I discover withoutdoing the numbers all over. I welcome any comments, and I will add them to thiscommentary if they contribute new and valued insight.
1. Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord! It isno trouble for me to write the same things to youagain, and it is a safeguard for you.
Amplified: FOR THE rest, my brethren, delight yourselves in the Lord andcontinue to rejoice that you are in Him. To keep writing to you [over and over] of the same things is not irksome to me, and it is [a precaution] for your safety.Lightfoot: And now, my brethren, I must wish you farewell. Rejoice in the Lord.
 
Forgive me, if I speak once more on an old topic. It is not irksome to me to speak,and it is safe for you to hear.Phillips: In conclusion, my brothers, delight yourselves in the Lord! It doesn't boreme to repeat a piece of advice like this, and if you follow it you will find it a greatsafeguard to your souls (New Testament in Modern English)Wuest: As for the rest [of which I wish to say to you] my brethren, be constantlyrejoicing in the Lord. To be writing the same things to you is not to me irksome ortedious, while for you it is safe.
Finally, my brothers,
1. When you hear the word finally, you begin to get your mind set for the end of theletter, or the message. My old professor Robert Mounce said "Paul is the father of all preachers who use `finally, my brethren,' as an indication that they have foundtheir second wind!" It is the real optimist who begins to slip his coat on when hehears the preacher say, "Finally." The fact is, Paul is only half way through thisletter, and there are a number of theories as to why he says finally in the middle of his letter. Some suppose that he received news from Philippi that made him go onbeyond what he had expected to write.1B. FINALLY. It is not unusual for people to say finally and still have much left tosay. It is good that Paul does not end here for he goes on to say much that we wouldnot want to be without. To have our roots of joy in
 
Christ is basic for he is aninfinite resource. All other sources of joy are inadequate and will fail at some point.He says finally and then has two chapters yet to go and so Paul is the father of thelong closing. He is like one who says now for part 7 of my conclusion.1C. Vincent paraphrases, “I am not backward about writing to you concerning amatter of which I have spoken in former letters, but I am moved by my anxiety foryour safety to refer to it again.” We do have evidence that Paul wrote letters we donot now possess-I Cor. 5:9, II Cor. 10:10f and II Thess. 2:15, 3:17. Paul had torepeat warnings for their safety just like we need warning signs on the highway toprotect us.” An unknown author adds, “Here also Paul sets down what we mightcall the necessity of repetition. He says that he proposes to write things to them thathe has written before. This is interesting, for it must mean that Paul had writtenother letters to the Philippians, which have not survived. This is nothing to besurprised at. Paul was writing letters from A.D. 48 tO A.D. 64, sixteen years, but wepossess only thirteen. Unless there were long periods when he never put pen topaper there must have been many more letters which are now lost.”2. One of the best and most logical explanations of why this is not the end of theletter is given to us by that great Bible preacher Alexander Maclaren, of whom I
 
have read that he has more of his volumes of sermons on preacher's shelves thanany other preacher in history. He wrote, "The first words of the text show that Paulwas beginning to think of winding up his letter, and the preceding context alsosuggests that. The personal references to Timothy and Epaphroditus would be intheir appropriate place near the close, and the exhortation with which our textbegins is also most fitting there, for it is really the key-note of the letter. How thendoes he come to desert his purpose? The answer is to be found in his next advice, thewarning against the Judaising teachers who were his great antagonists all his life. Areference to them always roused him, and here the vehement exhortation to markthem well and avoid them opens the flood-gates. Forgetting all about his purpose tocome to an end, he pours out his soul in the long and precious passage whichfollows. Not till the next chapter does he get back to his theme in the reiteratedexhortation (iv. 4), 'Rejoice in the Lord alway; again I will say, rejoice.' Thisoutburst is very remarkable, for its vehemence is so unlike the tone of the rest of theletter. That is calm, joyous, bright, but this is stormy and impassioned, full of flashing and scathing words, the sudden thunder-storm breaks in on a mellow,autumn day, but it hurtles past and the sun shines out again, and the air is clearer."3. Spurgeon wrote, " Let this be the end of everything; before you get to the end of it, and when you do get to the end of it, “rejoice in the Lord.” It is incumbent uponus, as Christians, to rise out of our despondencies. Joy should be the normal state of the Christian. What a happy religion is ours in which it is a duty to be happy!“Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord.” It is your privilege, it is your duty, torejoice in God; — not in your health, your wealth, your children, your prosperity,but in the Lord.” There is the unchanging and unbounded source of joy." "Finally,my brethren, rejoice in the Lord.” But never do it finally, never come to an end of it.Rejoice in the Lord, and yet again rejoice, and yet again rejoice; and as long as youlive, rejoice in the Lord." Elsewhere Spurgeon wrote, "As for joy, if it be not thefirst product of the Spirit of God, it is next to the first, and we may be sure that theorder in which it is placed by the inspired apostle is meant to be instructive. Thefruit of the Spirit is love first, as comprehensive of the rest; then joy arising out of it.It is remarkable that joy should take so eminent a place; it attaineth unto the firstthree, and is but one place lower than the first. Look at it in its high position, and if yon have missed it, or if you have depreciated it, revise your judgment, andendeavor with all your heart to attain to it, for depend upon it this fruit of the Spiritis of the utmost value...and it is brought forth in believers not alike in all, but to allbelievers there is a measure of joy."
rejoice in the Lord!
1. This is an order, or a command, and so it is a duty to rejoice. It is not an optionfor optimists only, but all believers have a duty to be joyful in the Lord. To refuse is

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