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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide

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Published by ISLAM I. Fekry

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Published by: ISLAM I. Fekry on Jul 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/21/2013

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 Properties of (NaOH)Physical
It is solid substant has a white color.
☻Dissolve easily in water and give a high heat.
 
☻It is substant (
Absorb moisture from atmosphere).Chemical 
React with acids {HCL, H2SO4} and acidic oxide {CO
2,
SO
2
}
(Acids)→NaOH+HCl
NaCL+H
2
o
(Acids)→
NaOH
(solu)
+H
2
SO
4
NaHSO
4
+H
2
o
(Acidic oxide)→
NaOH
(solu)
+ CO
2
NaHCO
3
 NaHCO
3
+NaOH Na
2
CO
3
+H
2
o(Acidic o
xide)→ NaOH
(solu)
+So
2
NaHSO
3
 NaHSO
3
+NaOH Na
2
SO
3
+H
2
oFOR NOTE:If we use {NaOH
(molten)
} the rate of reaction will increase but dependOn the kind of salt.
☻React with salt solution
and amphoteric salt
→ 2NaOH+ CuSo
4
Na
2
SO
4
+Cu (OH)
2
 
→ 6NaOH + Fe
2
(SO
4
)
3
3Na
2
SO
4
+2Fe (OH)
3
 
 (Amphoteric
salt)→
6NaOH+AL
2
(SO
4
)3 3Na
2
SO
4
+2AL(OH)
3
 
→ NaOH+
2AL(OH)
3
NaALO
2
+2H
2
OFOR NOTE:(SODIUM META ALUMINATE) is{NaALO
2
} (Ammonium salt)
→ NaOH+NH
4
CL NaCL + NH
4
OHNH
4
OH
(heat)
NH
3 
+ H
2
OFOR NOTE:The last reaction is reversible so that it necessary to heat it to give thatProduct (NH
3
)
.
 
 
 
React with elementReact with non-metal and product depends on the temp.of solu. .
(with chloride gas on cold)
CL
2
+H2O HCL+HCLONaOH+HCL NaCL + H
2
ONaOH +HCLO NaCLO +H
2
OCL2 +2 NaOH
(solu)
NaCLO+NaCl+H
2
OFOR NOTE:NaCLO {sodium hypochlorite}  HCLO{hydrochloride} 
(with chloride gas on heating)
3CL
2
+3H2O 5HCL+HCLO
3
 5NaOH+5HCL 5NaCL +5H
2
ONaOH +HCLO
3
NaCLO
3
+H
2
O3CL2 +6 NaOH 5NaCL +NACLO
3
+3H
2
oReact with amphoteric metal like (AL, Zn, and Pd):
→ 3NaOH
(fuse)
+ AL Na
3
ALO
3
+3/2 H
2
 
{Sodium aluminates}FOR NOTE:the hot solution will make the reaction very slowly so that we use fused(NaOH) with such metals to make it very rapidUses of sodium hydroxide
In paper industry where it dissolve lignine {which holds the fibers wood together}.
☻ In tanning of leather where it dissolves the binding material between the fibers
.
☻ In petroleum product where it clear it
.
☻ In organic where it favored the artificial
fibers (viscose) and natural (cellulosic) .
In making a shine layer.

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