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Published by Janesya Sicilianty

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Published by: Janesya Sicilianty on Oct 19, 2013
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Chapter 2
The Ordered Universe:
Why do planets appear to wander slowly across thesky?
1. What did the builders of Stonehenge accomplish?a. They demonstrated that some natural events are predictable. b. They figured out the momentum of the Solar System.c. They established contact with ancient astronauts.d. They maintained written records of natural events.e. They accomplished none of the above.Ans: aLink to: The Night SkyDifficulty Level: Easy2. Ockham’s razor is a(n)a. instrument of Mayan torture. b. philosophy advocating the simplest solutions.c. constellation in the southern hemisphere.d. example of pseudoscience.e. tool used in raising Stonehenge lintel stones.Ans: bLink to: The Night SkyDifficulty Level: Easy3. Dr. John Snow's research and observations improved the lives of London's citizens in the1800s bya. improving the quality of the drinking water. b. finding a cure for cholera.c. diagnosing tuberculosis in the Royal family.d. associating disease with polluted water.e. identifying the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae.Ans: dLink to: The Night Sky22
Chapter 2Difficulty Level: Easy4. The Greek astronomers' explanation for the celestial spheres did not encompass the phenomenon of a. geocentricism. b. planetary motion.c. a solar system.d. retrograde motion.e. a solar eclipse.Ans: cLink to: The Night SkyDifficulty Level: Easy5. The Ptolemaic theory of the universe includesa. an unmoving Earth at the center. b. an unmoving Sun at the center.c. elliptical orbits.d. stationary planets.e. no explanation about the Sun's movementAns: aLink to: The Birth of Modern AstronomyDifficulty Level: Easy6. Copernicus hypothesized thata. the Sun was the center of the universe. b. the Earth was the center of the universe.c. the planetary bodies had circular orbits.d.a & ce. b & cAns: dLink to: The Birth of Modern AstronomyDifficulty Level: Easy7. The 17th century laws of planetary motion stated thata. all planets orbit in circular paths. b. the Earth is the center of the universe.c. all planets orbit in oval paths.d. solar system bodies are structured as spheres within spheres.23
Chapter 2e. a planet’s velocity is constant during its orbit around the Sun.Ans: cLink to: The Birth of Modern AstronomyDifficulty Level: Easy8. Which scientist would have been most likely to use the phrases “equal areas,” “planetary period,” and “elliptic foci”?a. Tycho Brahe b. Johannes Kepler c. Nicolas Copernicusd. Claudius Ptolemye. Galileo GalileiAns: bLink to: The Birth of Modern AstronomyDifficulty Level: Easy9. Which of the following can happen to an astronaut during liftoff?a. bones and muscles collapse b. nerve damage may occur c. body fluids are stabilizedd. blood is temporarily drained from the braine. all of the aboveAns: dLink to: The Birth of Modern AstronomyDifficulty Level: Easy10. “Eighty miles per hour toward the northeast” is an example of a. acceleration. b. uniform motion.c. rate.d. velocity.e. speed.Ans: dLink to: The Birth of MechanicsDifficulty Level: Easy24

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