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Research regarding calculation of the tensile forces of polyurethane film and protective paper, in the process of polyurethane – pad – protective paper

Research regarding calculation of the tensile forces of polyurethane film and protective paper, in the process of polyurethane – pad – protective paper

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In this paper it is analyzed in terms of kinematics and mechanical, stress occurring in protective paper all the way. It will be analyzed forces and tensions that arise in paper strip in the stretch area, stretching determining race. It follows determination of a continuous tension in the paper strip to optimize the operation.
In this paper it is analyzed in terms of kinematics and mechanical, stress occurring in protective paper all the way. It will be analyzed forces and tensions that arise in paper strip in the stretch area, stretching determining race. It follows determination of a continuous tension in the paper strip to optimize the operation.

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Published by: World-Academic Journal on Oct 19, 2013
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WORLD ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & APPLIED SCIENCES-MARCH-SEPTEMBER 2013 EDITION
166
Research regarding calculation of the tensile forces of polyurethane film and protective paper, in the process of Polyurethane – pad – protective paper
Gheorghe Vasile (Corresponding author) & Alexis NegreaValahia University, RomaniaAccepted 13 August 2013AbstractIn this paper it is analyzed in terms of kinematics and mechanical, stress occurring in protective paper all the way.It will be analyzed forces and tensions that arise in paper strip in the stretch area, stretching determining race. Itfollows determination of a continuous tension in the paper strip to optimize the operation.Keywords: paper route, tension, polyurethane Note to Practitioners: The present paper was inspired by the need to create adapted dressing that must adapt toend users requires. In medical practice meets different kind of wounds and most of the time the common dressingcan offer the exact support. Most of similar equipments produce only rectangular shapes and the medical field requires special adapted shapes to anatomical folds. In this field every day rise new technologies that improvethe medical act and this must be a concern for more people.The paper helps to understand and apply exact forces required to cut the dressings in request shapes and sizes.Mathematically I determine the mechanism and elements need to obtain the results establish in the first stepsonly theoretically.In this paper we studied the correlation of speeds for of polyurethane adhesive tapes and protective silicone paper.This helps me to find the perfect balance between internal tensions between these considering that the advance isstep by step.
1. Positioning and Kinematics of Protective Paper Route.
As it shows figure 1.,the protective paper and polyurethane film ahs different routes. The protective paper has the blue color route and polyurethane film red color route. Both are wrapped in rolls, rolls that will be
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research AUGUST 2013 VOL.1, No.6
 
WORLD ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & APPLIED SCIENCES-MARCH-SEPTEMBER 2013 EDITION
167
unrolled by operating with gear motors groups. Both routes follow a predetermined route, routes set by positioning of fixed rollers to engine rollers where they unite and final product will be cut.Figure 1. Position of rolls for the two routesThe route of protective paper (figure 2) is determined by the impose by conditions for achieving the final product that means package of polyurethane – pad – protective paper. This package has different dimensionsin terms of length and width of the package. Therefore for packages smaller than the width of the paper this iscut to the direction of transport, the rest of paper is recovered by wrapping on a roll. The cut is made on theengine roll
5(ω2) after the strip is cross over roll 6. Strip stretch is made between rollers 5 and 2 by a roller 
mounted on a swing arm (calender). Roll 1 leads the band in the motor area of the package, package is taken bythe group of pressing rolls, lead into the
cutting die and towed by engine rolls (ω1).
 Figure 2. Protective paper route. Position of stretch roll.Operation from two points of protective paper strip is required by cutting step (cutting) because the package must stop during cutting; during this the strip stays free without tense. For maintain the tension in thestrip this is made with gravitational system roll – 
swing arm. Command of engine roll 5(ω2) is made by superior 
 positioning of stretch roll (figure 3). Also for stopping of it is command by inferior position of this roll.Figure 3. Positioning of the stretch roll. Route made.
 
WORLD ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & APPLIED SCIENCES-MARCH-SEPTEMBER 2013 EDITION
168
To maintain a constant tension in paper tape we must analyze the forces from strip, in right of stretchingroll, for different positions from minimum to maximum of it.
2. Forces from Protective Paper Band at Stretching Roll
Position of minim for route of stretching roll was established consecutive from construction of equipment(figure 4). The stretching roll makes an angle with the vertical:
α
0
= 28
 
(1)Figure 4. Route made.
In point of maxim, roll is at angle α, this angle is measure on a image capture that is a frame from a filmmade with a high speed camera. Angle α measure in this conditions has about the same value with angle α0 :
 
α ≈
28
0
(2)Graphic representation of stretching roll position in point of minimum of and forces from the strip for this position are showed in figure 5.Figure 5. Minim position of roll.

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