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Challenges in Pakistan s Education System

Challenges in Pakistan s Education System

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Published by sheiku1

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Published by: sheiku1 on Jul 28, 2009
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03/17/2012

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Challenges in the EducationSector in Pakistan
 
Government of PakistanMinistry of Education
http://www.moe.gov.pk
 
22
Challenge # 1:Challenge # 1:
Low level of LiteracyLow level of Literacy
Pakistan has one of the lowest literacy rate with high gender Pakistan has one of the lowest literacy rate with high gender disparity in the region; it is currently 51.6% (Male 63.7% and femaledisparity in the region; it is currently 51.6% (Male 63.7% and female39.2%).39.2%).
The wide inter and intra provincial disparities present aThe wide inter and intra provincial disparities present adiscriminating scenario.discriminating scenario.
Initiatives:Initiatives:
6,953 Literacy Centers have been established in public sector 6,953 Literacy Centers have been established in public sector against the target of 27,000.against the target of 27,000.
Teaching learning and supplementary materials and teaching kitsTeaching learning and supplementary materials and teaching kitshave been provided to all these Centers.have been provided to all these Centers.
0.278 million Adults have been made literate.0.278 million Adults have been made literate.
USAID assistance has also led to opening of approximately 4000USAID assistance has also led to opening of approximately 4000Adult Literacy Centers in Sindh and Balochistan. 7543 Adults haveAdult Literacy Centers in Sindh and Balochistan. 7543 Adults haveso far passed the literacy programme.so far passed the literacy programme.
National literacy curriculum have been developed under USAIDNational literacy curriculum have been developed under USAIDprogram.program.
National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) establishedNational Commission for Human Development (NCHD) established6,602 Adult Literacy Centers. 160,533 neo-literates graduated.6,602 Adult Literacy Centers. 160,533 neo-literates graduated.
Challenges in Education SystemChalle
 
nges in Education System
 
33
Challenge # 2:Challenge # 2:
Access to Basic EducationAccess to Basic Education
::
Gross enrolment in primary schools is 85%.Gross enrolment in primary schools is 85%.
Girls are less enrolled than boys but the gender differentialsGirls are less enrolled than boys but the gender differentialsare greater in rural areas.are greater in rural areas.
2,995,099(18.48%)2,525,632(25.23%)469,467(7.58%)Gender GapFemaleMaleTotal6,605,200(40.76%)3,741,365(37.38%)2,863,835(46.21%)9,600,299(59.24%)6,266,997(62.62%)3,333,302(53.79%)16,205,49910,008,3626,197,137TotalRuralUrbanEnrollmentPrimary
Some major factors for low enrollment are:Some major factors for low enrollment are:
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Poverty.Poverty.
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Long distance from school.Long distance from school.
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Poor physical infrastructure.Poor physical infrastructure.
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Traditional hostility to female education.Traditional hostility to female education.
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Functional problems.Functional problems.
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Not related to market demand.Not related to market demand.

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