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The Speeches of St Paul in Acts.

The Speeches of St Paul in Acts.

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Published by GLENN DALE PEASE
BY PERCY GARDNER, LITT.D.



SYNOPSIS.

Interest in the life and writings of St Paul has recently increased as it
is realized what excellent historic material we possess : the key to early
Church history.
BY PERCY GARDNER, LITT.D.



SYNOPSIS.

Interest in the life and writings of St Paul has recently increased as it
is realized what excellent historic material we possess : the key to early
Church history.

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Oct 20, 2013
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THE SPEECHES OF ST PAUL I ACTS.BY PERCY GARDER, LITT.D.SYOPSIS.Interest in the life and writings of St Paul has recently increased as itis realized what excellent historic material we possess : the key to earlyChurch history.I. The speeches in Acts made of three factors, all known to us.(1) The Pauline.(2) The Lucan. We assume Luke as writer of Acts. His character asa historian and a man of letters. Acts by the author of the we passages,but compiled after an interval. Harnack on German hypercriticism.Thepurpose of Luke.(3) Style and convention in historic writing. The introduction of speeches into history by Herodotus and his followers. Luke's treatmentof the sayings of Jesus : deals with the Apostles with greater freedom.The occasions of the Pauline speeches selected to give a conspectus of his teaching. On some occasions Luke present, on others not : thereforethe speeches of varied authenticity.II. The speech at Antioch sketches Paul's way of dealing with theJews. Appeal to Jewish history. Compare with speeches of Stephen andPeter. The matter of the speech Pauline, and the manner in somedegree.III. The speech at Athens, appropriate only to Athens. The themeswell chosen : but in some points they are treated in an un-Pauline way,broad and universalist Comparison with speech at Lystra.IV. The speech at Miletus, the most historic of all. Comparison withpassages in the Epistles. Emotion fixed the speech in Luke's memory,
 
hence also its arrangement is imperfect Some Lucan features.V. The speech before Felix is forensic in type, and confined to thevindication of Paul in face of the Roman law. The degree of authenticityhard to fix, as both Paul and Luke had great power of adaptation to anaudience. But some phrases are not Pauline.VI. The speeches at Jerusalem and before Agrippa must be takentogether, as autobiographic. This turn natural under the circumstances.The second of these speeches regarded as more authentic than the first :the opposite probably the case. Discrepancies in the narratives of (a) thevision at Damascus, (/3) Paul's commission. Luke's carelessness proved,making the facts irrecoverable. Skilful adaptation to auditors.VII. To sum up : in favour of accuracy of report are Luke's closerelation to Paul and his dramatic sense : against, are his sense of conven-tion and looseness of writing. If we reject the Lucan authorship theproblem becomes much wider.The inspiration of the writer of Acts proved by the history of theChurch. But inspiration does not produce accuracy in scientificstatementor historic narrative.Addendum by Dr R. H. Charles on the words used in the Paulinespeeches.THE SPEECHES OF ST PAUL I ACTS.It has of late become clear to all who watch the course of ew Testament criticism that a wave of interest is flowing inon the life and writings of St Paul. I would even saythat the centre of gravity of that criticism, which has for ageneration lain in the discussion of the deeds and words of the Founder of Christianity, is now shifting towards theinvestigation of the work of St Paul, who may fairly be calledthe second Founder, and of his relation to his Master. It
 
would not be easy even to mention the numerous works latelypublished, especially in Germany, on this subject 1 . The namesof Ramsay, Julicher, Kolbing, Wrede, Harnack, Wellhausenand others are sufficient to shew that it has exercised thebest talent of contemporary theology, though at present thereis a great variety of views in the field.It is easy to find a reason for such a movement of thecentre of gravity. The criticism of the Synoptic Gospels afterbeing pursued with enormous labour, and much success, shews atendency to what may be called stale-mate. To use anothermetaphor, skaters have been cutting marvellous figures on thethin ice which covers the deep of the first Christian origins ;but the crust of ice shews at times symptoms of giving way.It is doubtful whether it can ever bear the weight of a solidhistoric construction. We work back to Mark and the Logia,and then find that behind these there is a whole period of development and construction, as to which authentic history1 An excellent account of many of Theology and Philotophy, Julyof them will be found in the Review 1908 (Dr Moffatt382 Cambridge Biblical Essays [xnis silent, so that we have to proceed by analogy and con- jecture. Of course the criticism of the Synoptics will andmust go on : but very possibly all the schools of criticism,radical and conservative, may manage to hold their ground fora long while to come.In dealing with Paul and his times we have materials of avery different order of strength and permanency. Here wehave to do, not with a crust of ice, but with bed-rock. Sincethe extreme scepticism in regard to the authenticity of thePauline Epistles which was the mark of the school of vanManen has been decisively rejected by all important historicschools, we revert to the view that in the Pauline Epistles, atleast in the most important of them, we have the undoubted

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