Establishing Maternity in Egg Donations: A Halakhic Perspective
methd in Israe).
Currenty, eggs frm wmen knwn tthe recipient r annymusy recruited are the mst cmmnmethd f btaining dnr eggs in the .S
Dnrs knwnt the recipient may incude cse friends, sibings, parents,r even chidren frm a previus marriage. Annymusdnrs are screened fr desired phentypic characteristics f the receiving cupe. A prper histry and physica f dnrsshud screen fr any infectius disease, heritabe cnditins,and diseases ike diabetes, atherscersis, and famiia cancers. Additinay, prtcs require the dnr t be ess than 35years d and preferaby ess than 30 years d. Risks t thednr are generay minr, usuay cnsistent with patientsunderging a cnventina IVF cyce with a wer risk f ovarian Hyperstimuatin Syndrme (oHSS).
A study f 1000 dnr cyces shwed seven serius prbems eading ttw hspita admissins fr oHSS, but n fataities.e ga f the egg dnatin cyce is t synchrnize themenstrua cyces f bth the dnr and recipient. At thestart f the cyce, the dnr is given injectabe hrmnes frrecruitment f mutipe eggs, ang with GnRH agnists rantagnist t prevent an lH surge
in the dnr.
Atthe same time, the recipient is given at east tw weeksf estrgen t prime the uterus fr pregnancy. Prir timpantatin f the embry, prgesterne is administered
8 Ibid. 2819 Ibid.10 oHSS is a cmpicatin f verstimuatin f the vary frm many fertiity medicatins that eads t varian enargement, uid accumuatin inthe abdmen, nausea, and diarrhea. Severe cases can ead t uid buidup inthe ung space and respiratry distress.11 e hrmna event that eads t vuatin12 Kein ibid. 284