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Table Of Contents

Box 1.1: Definitions of 'politics' and 'power'
States and societies
Box 2.1: Definition of 'State'
Politics without the State: tribal societies
States without nations: kingdoms
States without nations: empires
Nations and states
The Nation-State and sovereignty
Politics between states
Politics beyond the State: international institutions
Multinational enterprises and 'globalisation'
TABLE 2.1 Multinationals and countries compared
Box 2.2: Globalisation - challenges to the Nation- State
Politics as a universal activity
Human nature and politics
Is the State necessary?
Box 3.1: Definitions of anarchism
Why should I obey the State?
The nature of authority
What is justice?
Individualism versus collectivism
Rights: natural, human, legal
Equality and needs
Box 3.3: Concepts of equality - summary
Positive and negative freedom
Box 3.4: Definitions of freedom
Analysing political concepts
Box 4.1: Ideology as a political concept
Right versus Left
The old Right: monarchism
FIGURE 4.1 Classifying ideologies
The radical Right: nazism and fascism
Leninism and Stalinism
Other Marxisms
Radical theism - Catholic, Protestant and Islamic
Ecology as political radicalism
Feminism as political radicalism
TABLE 4.1 Attitudes to gender differences
Thatcherism as political radicalism
Christian democracy
Socialism and social democracy
Political identity
Political socialisation and political culture
Box 5.1: Definitions of political socialisation
Box 5.2: Definition and types of political culture
Localism, nationalism and ethnicity
Racial and ethnic conflict
Dominance, assimilation and social pluralism
Elites, classes and political pluralism
Political change
Coups d'etat and revolutions
Endogenous and exogenous political change
Class conflict in the twenty-first century
Post-industrial politics?
Technology and survival
'North' versus 'South'?
Box 5.3: Major political divisions
Types of state
Box 6.1: Republican, autocratic and totalitarian states
Democracy, the welfare state and the market
Forms of representative democracy
Box 6.3: Forms of representative democracy
TABLE 6.1 Parliamentary vs presidential systems
Military autocracy
Civil autocracy
Totalitarian governments
Nazi government
Soviet government
Islamic government - breaking the mould?
Levels of government
Box 6.4: The principle of subsidiarity
Box 6.5: Relations between levels of government
European political institutions
Local government
How can government be 'democratic'?
Participation and direct democracy
Choosing rulers
Electoral systems
The executive
The legislature
The judiciary
Pluralist policy-making
The mass media
Democracy and communication
Public policy problems and solutions
The choice of social decision-making mechanisms
Box 8.1: Choice of social decision-making mechanism
The case for the market
Problems of market decision-making
Voluntary organisation
Rational policy-making: bureaucracy
Box 8.2: Weber's characteristics of bureaucracy
Box 8.3: A rational-comprehensive model of decision- making
Problems with 'rational' policy-making
Box 8.4: Why organisations are not always rational
Incremental decision-making
The policy process
Box 8.5: Hogwood and Gunn's model of the policy process
Implementing public policy
Managing local public policy
Evaluating public policy
Monitoring performance in public policy
TABLE 8.1 The distribution of marketable wealth (UK)
TABLE 8.2 The distribution of marketable wealth (other countries)
Taking political action
Official sources
Box X.1: UK Command Paper reference codes
Other printed sources
On-line databases
The Internet
Courses on politics
Associations for politics students
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Politics _ Basics - Administrator

Politics _ Basics - Administrator

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Published by Corina Draguţan

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Published by: Corina Draguţan on Oct 20, 2013
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