matching is considered the initial phase o the identication process; while the mug shot is usedas the secondary identier enabling orensic technicians to veriy ngerprint results.Prior to the pilot, orensic technicians manually retrieved records or repeat oenders romthe PCSD criminal record database (CHRI) as identied through ngerprinting. The technicianthen visually compared the new mug shot with the old one to positively conrm the suspect’sidentity. I both ngerprints and mug shots point to the same identity, it is considered conclusive.The CHRI would then be updated with new prints, photo, and booking details, and ultimately beorwarded electronically to the state and the FBI or inclusion in their respective databases.
Speeding The Booking Process
Going into the 2008 pilot, PCSD’s Wilkins estimated that up to 85 percent o suspect bookingsin a given day involved repeat oenders, i.e., criminals who have been arrested and processedby the Sheri’s Department previously. As repeat oenders, the vast majority have both theirtenprints and mug shots in PCSD databases. The department began storing digital photographso suspects in 1992, amassing a database o more than 500,000 mug shots today.During the typical booking process, the suspect is ngerprinted and photographed. The tenprintsare input into the Sagem Morpho AFIS as part o the identication process to determine i theindividual is already in the database with a history o prior arrests and convictions. Fingerprint
MorphoFace Investigate is a robust and scalable acial recognition application including case evidence management,biometric matching, and orensic evaluation tools or intelligence analysis and investigative crime solving tasks.Based upon Sagem Morpho’s award winning, highly-scalable MetaMorpho AFIS architecture, MorphoFace Investigate can accept remote submission o acial images rom mobile devices such as camera equipped cell-phones and digital cameras connected to squad car laptops,enabling law enorcement to quickly identiy the potential use o aliases and suspect identities while in the ield.
Automated ace recognition is a biometric technology that only recently reached the level o maturity where it can be deployed operationally in security and lawenorcement environments or the purposes o identiication and investigation. Like ingerprint identiication technology, acial recognition can recognize uniqueindividuals by using one image to search against a database o enrolled images. But the similarity between ace and ingerprint recognition ends there. Whileingerprint algorithms utilize eatures which remain stable over time, such as ridge endings, biurcations and skin pores, ace recognition algorithms must be armore sophisticated because the appearance o aces can change drastically with age, emotion, presence o acial hair and even the level o sobriety and health.
PCSD - An Early Adopter o Technologies
Pierce County Sheri’s Department has a tradition o being an early adopter o automated tools andtechnologies – including biometric identiication – in the ight against crime. In July 1986, the department became theirst law enorcement agency in the country to purchase an Automated Fingerprint Identiication System (AFIS) rom Sagem Morpho,headquartered in Tacoma, Washington. This technology later ormed the basis o the FBI’s current IAFIS system, which today houses more than70 million ingerprint records, and in early 2009 processed a record 163,000 ingerprint searches in a single day.PCSD serves a population o more than 800,000 in an area encompassing the southern portion o the Seattle – Tacoma Metroplex. Like commercial businesses and otherlaw enorcement agencies around the nation, PCSD is continually expected to nd more cost-eective ways to deliver services during a time o reduced budgets and increasedoperational demands.Faced with these challenges, Wilkins looked or ways his department could utilize emerging technologies to reduce the timerequired to veriy the identities o suspects during the booking process. He reasoned that by eliminating some o the time-consuming manual eorts involved in this process, his group o orensic technicians could better support their ellow oicers,as well as the public at large, by applying more time to criminal investigations.One such promising technology was MorphoFace Investigate (MFI), an automated ace recognition biometric system beingintroduced by Sagem Morpho.