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water supply-midterm-2013-answers

water supply-midterm-2013-answers

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Published by: Dr. Akepati Sivarami Reddy on Oct 21, 2013
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Mid-Semester ExaminationUCE-502: Water Supply EngineeringB.E.
 – 
Civil EngineeringInstructor: Dr. Akepati S. ReddyDate: 28-09-2013 Time: 2 hours (01-00 - 03-00 Hrs.) Max. Marks: 50
Roll No.:………………..
 Note:-
 
Please assume if any requisite data is not given (but clearly state all such assumptions made)
 
Please attempt all the subparts of a question at one place
Q.1 Answer the following:
1.1 Write note on IS 10500?
IS 10500 2012
 – 
drinking water specifications.Lists the drinking water quality parameters (in 6 tables)Prescribes desired limits and permissible limits for parameters and also specifies methods for the sampling and analysis
1.2 Define the terms
‘Service Factor’ 
and
 
‘Maximum Day Demand’ 
?
Service factor indicates the fraction of the total population provided with a service (say water supply or sewer connection)Maximum demand of water per day over one year period usually taken for the design year (MDD occurs usually onfestival days)
1.3 Write note on
‘Intake Cribs’ 
?
For taking from a river/stream or from a lakea concrete intake crib is used.The crib is a submerged structure structuredto avoid sediment and floating materialflowing with the intake water.Usually has a screen to filter and take in thewater 
1.4 Write note on
Hydraulic Ram
?
Hydraulic ram is a high head
 – 
low capacity pump used in hill areas for lifting water fromvalley to human habitations.Sudden closer of a valve or gate results inwater hammering problem and propogation of  pressure wave on the upstream side. This pressure pushes some water through a non-return valve and pumps to elevations evengreater than 1 km.
 
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1.5 Write note on
Scour Velocity
?The liquid flow velocity at which a settled particle will get resuspended can be taken as the scour velocity.
It is estimated by Camp’s formula:
 
2161
11
 p
SG K  R n
 
    
      
 p s
 f   Kgd 
8
 Here Ks is taken as 0.8K is taken 0.04 - 0.06 depending on whether the particles are sticky or not.
Typical values of ‘f’ are 0.02
- 0.031.6 Write note on
‘Air Release Valve’ 
?Air release valves are used on the water transimission lines at locations whereaccumulation is possible.These have a float t hat plugs the openingwhen no air is present. Otherwise it opens andallows air to escape or air to enter the pipeline breaking the vacuum.1.7 Differentiate
‘Break Point’ 
from the
‘Exhaustion Point’ 
?Break point and exhaustion points are come across in the adsorption columns and ion exchange columns.Break point refers to the point at which the contaminant concentration in the treated water/wastewater coming out justcrossed the desired value usually taken as 5% of the concentration in the influent.Exhaustion point refers to the point at which the total adsorption column/ ion-exchange column is exhausted and thecontaminant comes out almost not removed (contaminant concentration in the effluent is 95% of that in the influent).
1.8 Write note on
‘Sludge Blanket unit’ 
?
In coagulation-flocculation-settling processthree units, namely flash mixing, flocculationand settling tanks are used.In the sludge blanket unit all the three tanks areintegrated into a single structure that is knownas sludge blanket unit.These are used when wastewater/water to betreated is relatively less
Marks: 2x8 = 16
Q.2 Answer the following:
2.1 An empty 500 mL capacity volumetric flask weighs 200 grams. This flask after filling with a filter medium to the mark isweighing 750 grams. Then the flask with the filter medium is filled with water to the mark and weighted. Weight of theflask with water and filter medium is 1150 grams. Find the bulk density and density of the filter medium?
Mass of filter medium: (750-200)=550 gBulk density of filter medium: 550/500=1.1 g/ml or 1100 kg/m3
 
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Volume occupied by filter medium: 500
 – 
(1150-750) = 100 mLDensity of the filter medium: 550/100 = 5.5 g/mL or 5500 kg/m3
2.2 Write note on the Water Quality index (WQI) calculation?
Monitored values for the selected parameters are converted into common scale units by using parameter transformationequations/curves.
The parameter values in common scale units are multiplied with the respective parameter’s relative importance
values.Weighted parameter values are aggregated to obtain the water quality index value.Maximum operator, minimum operator, sum, geometric mean or arithmetic mean are used for aggregation.
2.3
Population record of a city is as given below:Year Population (in 1000s) Year Population (in 1000s)1951 98 1991 2701961 120 2001 3401971 160 2011 4001981 220
Forecast the city’s population in the year 2026 by the
Sigmoid Growth Method 
?P0, P1 and P2 are taken as 98 for 1951, 220 for 1981 and 400 for 2011 respectively.
Value of ‘n’ is taken as 6
decadesP saturated: ((2x98x220x400)-(220x220x(98+400))/(98x400-220x220) = 745
Value of ‘a’: ln((745
-400)/400) = -0.1479
Value of ‘b’:
(1/6)xln((98x(745-220))/(220x(745-98)) = -0.1696Population forecasted for the year 2026: 745/(1+exp(-0.1479+(-0.1696x1.5))) = 446Here Delta t is taken as 1.5 decades
2.4
On a horizontal 100 mm diameter water supply pipeline a Venturimeter with mercury as a manometric fluid has been provided for facilitating the flow measurement. At one point of time, if the manometric fluid level difference of theventurimeter was monitored as 7.5 cm, find the water flow rate in the pipeline at that time?Take the throat diameter of the venture meter (not given) as 40 mmTake discharge coefficient (cd) for the venture meter (not given) as 0.8Assuming SG of Hg as 13.5, the manometric fluid level difference in terms of water column is 0.075x(13.5-1) = 0.94 mFlow through a venture meter =
h g aaac
    
21
2122
 a1 and a2 are pipe and venture throat flow cross-sectional areas respectively (a1: 7,85x10-3 m2; and a2: 1.26x10-3 m2)g is acceleration due gravity (taken as 9.81)Flow rate:
001113.094.081.92 1085.7 1026.1 11026.1 8.0
333
m3/sec
Marks:4x4 = 16
Q.3 Answer the following:
3.1 What is
System Head-capacity Curve
? Construct this curve for a pump system provided for pumping water, at the rate of 
300 m
3
/hour, from an Underground Reservoir to an Elevated Service Reservoir? Static head of the pump system is 25m. Piping length of the pump system is 40 m. Cumulative minor loss coefficient (
K) for the system is 7.5 (this excludesboth entry and exit losses). Maximum flow velocity allowed in the piping is 3.0 m/sec.
Pipe diameter considered (to carry upto 300 m3/hr flow at a maximum velocity of 3 m/sec.): 200 mmStatic head: 25 mPipe length: 40 m

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