examine the labial mucosa and we look for blisters ,ulcers ,traumaticlesions or any abnormality including the vermillion border( applying our,we don'tiesany abnormalit
weknowledge in oral pathology) sothem.
Then we examine the sulcus and commissural area and we identify thelabial frenum (
note that these things that we see it in the lower lip
) .we alsoidentify if there is any abnormality like : pigmentation ,masses ,ulceration,erosions(like hematoma which is blue ,purple or red in color) or whitelesions.We do the same thing for the upper lip , we identify the labial mucosa andthe labial frenum which sometimes has a structure we call it
.so the frenal attachment is sometimes broken may be due to trauma inchildhood making the frenal tag.