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A fabric

A fabric

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Published by Naziba Naushin
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Published by: Naziba Naushin on Oct 22, 2013
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INTRODUCTION
A fabric- is not just a simple piece of cloth. A fabric is a representation of elegance, class andculture. A fabric does not only beautify its bearer, it also expresses the identity of a person. Afabric can be as simple as a plain sheet of threads, and as ornamental as a precious jewel.The Muslin- is not just any other fabric. It is the glory of the east, pride of the people. For almosthalf a millennia, Muslin has been the fruit of an ancient prized technique mastered by the expertcraftsmen of the subcontinent. Clandestine in the past, the Muslin came from the handlooms of the skilled makers of Bengal, as well as other regions of the Indian subcontinent. Considered asthe royal fabric, Muslin adorned the elegance of the British elites even further. It was them, whotransported this aura to the entire world; making Muslin, perhaps the most craved fabric of alltime.
AN OVERVIEW OF THE MUSLIN INDUSTRY OF BANGLADESH
A Muslin Saree can be folded to fit inside a matchbox- the folklore from our childhood illustrates best: the premium quality of this age old fabric, the super fine knitting. The pioneer of tensionthreading technology, Muslin fabric consistently delivers a super fine threaded cloth; with next totransparent finish and with almost zero mass. Because muslin is made from loosely woven cottonthread, air can flow through it easily, which makes it an ideal background for shooting in dry,arid areas. Originally, muslin was used to create clothing and bandages, and later used in thetheater as a versatile background.Textiles from Bengal have traditionally been ranked among the best in the world. They form a
major part of the continent’s exports and have been the livelihood of c
ertain communities for generations. Traces of Muslin go back in history as far as the Mughal era, later on passed onthrough the foreign regimes. But it was during the British rule, when the art of Muslin wasexposed to the whole world. With flourishing trade and transfer of technical knowledge, Muslin became a global phenomenon, at the cost of its origin perishing. Bengal lost its edge, or so tosay, its core competence.
 
Over the years, Muslin was produced by the Great Britain, a few Middle Eastern producers, andmost recently, China. Over the last decade, China has almost single handedly taken over thecontrol of the worldwide production of Muslin. Today, China holds almost half the market shareof the Muslin market. Being a country of many competences, China has a number of competitiveadvantages in terms of the raw material: Cotton, manpower and the use of cost effectivetechnologies. If intent is such to enter the market, China will be the main and almost the entirecompetition in terms of producing high quality Muslin fabric ranges.
“Legend has it that the finest of muslin woven in Bangladesh is so soft and fine that an entire
garment can pass through a signet ring! The fabric had such a high standing internationally evenhundreds of years ago that it was believed to be used as shrouds for Egyptian Mummies.Apparently the best time to spin the yarn was in the early hours of the day or late afternoon,when the humidity and temperatures were just right. Most of the spinners were young nimblefingered girls with excellent vision, between the age of eighteen and thirty. These skilled artisans
came from certain families around Dhaka and had spun the yarn for generations”
- summarized inshort, the historical background of Muslin in Bangladesh. It is one of the oldest industries of our country, and as history suggest, it is the industry with the most expertise, whatever may be itskind.
GAINING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE THROUGH MUSLIN
Along with the historic label, comes the technical advantage possible to acquire being aBangladeshi producer of Muslin:
 
Firstly, the abundance of cost effective labor. With the rise of our Textile and RMGindustry, it will be simple enough to gather up a skilled workforce, capable of usingmodern technology and human expertise, delivering a fabric of delight: Muslin.
 
Secondly, Bangladesh produces the best quality of cotton, the prime component of materializing the fabric. So, the main raw material of our production will be collectedlocally, without the major issue of importing from abroad, and most likely from our competitors. The right initiative to develop proper thread production facility will make it
 
not only a competence of our industry, but also a global competence, a promising sector on its own: our future plan of expansion.
 
Lastly, our focus will not just be to use cheap machineries and equipments, but tointegrate to the fullest: the combination of man and machine. The use of automatedthreading and knitting machineries brought from European manufacturers, along with our elite team of local textile engineers and technical experts operating at the heart of itsoperation: our hope is the ultimate fusion of human intelligence and mechanized precision, the key to produce the best Muslin in the world.Muslin: the plain-woven cotton fabric is made in various weights. The better qualities of muslinare fine and smooth in texture and are woven from evenly spun warps and wefts, or fillings.They are given a soft finish, bleached or piece-dyed, and are sometimes patterned in the loom or  printed. The coarser varieties are often of irregular yarns and textures, bleached, unbleached, or  piece-dyed and are generally finished by the application of sizing. Grades of muslin are known by such names as book, mull, swiss, and sheeting.
MUSLIN PRODUCTS
The product category of our choice is therefore naturally the historic Bengali Muslin, the bestquality Indian Muslin found across the world. Among the various kinds, our product range willfeature:
Muslin Sheeting:
Muslin sheeting is a smoother, wider material that may be used to make bedsheets, comforters, or simple curtains. Muslin sheeting can also be used in upholstery to back other materials and provide a firm support. This wider fabric tends to be more expensive thannarrower basic muslin because it is more difficult to weave. Sheeting commonly comes in widthsof 72 inches, 96 inches and 108 inches.
Basic Muslin:
The most common muslin available in modern times is a basic white or naturalcotton fabric, often sold along with quilting supplies. This type of muslin is used in linings, tomake practice versions of garments, and to provide stiffness in between lighter weight fabrics. It

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