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A Model for Induction Motor Aggregation for Power System Studies

A Model for Induction Motor Aggregation for Power System Studies

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ELECTAIC
~aWEA
IWITEml
AEIE~ACH
ELSEVIER
ElectricPowerSystemsResearch42(1997)225-228
Amodelforinductionmotoraggregationforpowersystemstudies
P.Pillay
a,*,
S.M.A.Sabur
b,
M.M.Haq
b
a
DepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineering,ClarksonUniversity,Box5720,Potsdam
,
NY13699-5720,USA
b
DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,UniversityofNewOrleans,NewOrleans,LA70148,USA
Received8November1996
Abstract
Thispaperproposesanewmodelforaggregatingagroupofinductionmotorsforsystemstudies.Theaggregationmethoddevelopedhereisbasedonthetransformer-typevariationoftheequivalentcircuit.Agroupingcriteriaisusedtoclassifyhomogeneousmotorsintodifferentgroups.Thevalidityoftheproposedmethodisverifiedbycomparingtheresultsobtainedfromtheaggregatemotorwiththesumoftheindividualmotors.@1997ElsevierScienceS.A.
Keywords:
Inductionmotors;Aggregationmethods
1.IntroductionThesimulationofalargegroupofinductionmotorsforsystemstudiescanbetimeconsuming.Inordertoreducethecomputationtime,reducedordermodellingisusedtorepresentagroupofmotorswithoneormoreaggregatemotors.Theaccuracyoftheresultsobtainedfromtheaggregatemotorsdependsinpartontheassumptionsmadeinthederivationoftheaggregatemotorandvariesfrommethodtomethod.Thissubjectoftheaggregationofinductionmachinesforsystemstudieshasreceivedafairamountofattentionintheliterature[1-6].In[1],todevelopanaggregationmodeltheapproxi-mateequivalentcircuitisusedwithstatorresistancebeingneglected.Inthederivationofthemodel,thebasicassumptionisofpowerinvariancebetweentheaggregatemotorandthesumoftheindividualmotors.Sincetheskin-effecthasastronginfluenceontheperformanceofinductionmotors,in[2]theequivalentcircuitisrepresentedbysevenelectricalparametersinsteadoffive.In[3],themotorparametersarecalcu-latedfromstandardspecificationswhich,togetherwithnetworkandloaddata,areincorporatedintoanadmit-tancematrix.Theinertiaandrunningsliparechosentominimizetheerrorbetweenthetransientresponseof
*Correspondingauthor.Tel.:+I3152686509;fax:+I3152687600.
0378-7796/97/$17.00~1997ElsevierScienceS.A.Allrightsreserved.
PII
80378-7796(96)01211-4
thesystemanditsequivalent.In[4],theunknownparametersoftheequivalentmotorareestimatedthroughaweighted-leastsquaresprocedure.In[5],Theveninstheoremalongwithselectedcharacteristicsoftheinductionmachineareusedinthecalculationoftheparametersoftheequivalentmachine.In[6],afictitiousimpedanceisintroducedtoconvertthesimpleequivalentcircuitintoacircuitwithparallelelementsonly.Inthispaper,atransformer-typeequivalentcircuit[7]isusedtorepresentaninductionmotor.Fivemotorsareusedinthecurrentworktoobtaintheaggregatemotor.Resultsfromtheaggregatemotorarecomparedwiththatobtainedfromthesumoftheindividualmotors.2.Developmentofthetransformer-typeequivalentcircuitmodelfortheinductionmotorUsuallyinductionmotorsarerepresentedbytheconventionalequivalentcircuitmodelinFig.1.Butinthispaper,analternativetypeofequivalentcircuit,calledthetransformer-typeequivalentcircuit,isusedasshowninFig.2.Thetwocircuitsareequivalenttoeachother.Theparametersofthetwocircuitsarerelatedinthefollow-mgway:
Zo
=Z,+Zm(2.1)
 
226
nZmK--
-(Zl+Zm)
Sn2ZIZm
Z3
=(Zl+Zm)
Zs
=Z2+Z3
(2.2)
P.Pillayetal.
/
ElectricPowerSystemsResearch
42(1997)225-228
(2.3)(2.4)
Inthispaper,sstandsforslipofthemotorand
n
ischosenas1,assumingtherotorparametersoftheconventionalequivalentcircuitmodelarealreadyre-ferredtotheprimary.Since
K
istheratioofZmand
(ZI
+
Zm)andZm»Z1>
K
isclosetounityand
LK
is
closeto0°.3.DevelopmentofaggregationmodelConsidertheaggregationof
N
inductionmotorscon-nectedtothesamebusasshowninFig.3.Itisassumedthatall
N
motorsarerepresentedbythetransformer-typeequivalentcircuitmodel.Sinceall
N
motorsareconnectedinparallel,theycanbeshownasinFig.3.Asaresult,theaggregatemotormodelandparame-terscanbeobtainedasfollows(Fig.4):I
zagg--0-
N
I
Li
i~1Zo
(3.1)1zagg=-
SN
I
Li
i~lZs
Thevaluesof
K
and
LK
weretestedfordifferentsizesofmotorsanditwasfoundthattheirvaluesrangefrom0.96to0.985andaround2°respectively.There-(3.2)
'2
~R2
-+SPg
Fig.1.Conventionalequivalent-circuitmodel.
Zs
~Fig.2.Alternativeequivalent-circuitmodel.
z:
Fig.3.Multimachineconnectedtothesamebus.
z;gg
Kogg~Ogg
zo:gFig.4.Theaggregateinductionmotor.
fore,inthispaper,thevaluesof
K
and
LK
werechosenas0.98and0°fortheaggregatemotor.Inthispaper,mechanicaloutputpoweroftheaggre-gatemotorisassumedtobeequaltothetotalmechan-icaloutputpowerdeliveredbytheindividualmotors.Therefore
N
Hpagg
=
L
(HPY
i~I
(3.3)
Therotorspeedoftheaggregatemotorwasfoundtobe
agg-aggaggaggCOr
-COs-SCOs
(3.4)whereco~ggisthesynchronousspeedoftheaggregatemotor.Itisknownfromtherelationshipbetweentheparametersofthetransformer-typeequivalentcircuitandthosefromtheconventionaltypeofequivalentcircuitthat
Zs
=
Z2+Z3ForthefollowingcalculationZ2isconsideredas
(3.5)
--
R2
.Z2=-+JX2
S
(3.6)
Then,using(3.5),Zsiscalculatedforalltheindivid-ualmachinesandz~ggiscalculatedusing(3.2).Againz~ggiscalculatedusing(3.2).Againz~ggisthesumofz~ggandz~gg.Therefore,equatingtherealpartsfromtherelationshipbetweenz~ggandZ2ggandz~gg,thefollowingequationisfound:R
agg
K
+SaggK1R=
2R
sagg
(3.7)
where
KIR
and
K2R
aretherealpartsofz~ggandz~ggrespectively.Rearranging(3.7),thesolutionofsaggisobtainedasfollows
'I
VI]
{<
I[KI212ZJZ2r
r
r
Vs=sKVI
'
r
V2
'
ZoK
',,
_SPg
 
P.Pillayetal.
/
ElectricPowerSystemsResearch
42(1997)225-228sagg
=
K2R
I
J(K2R)2
-
4K1RR2gg
2KlR
Here
R2gg
isunknownandobtainedfromthedifferencebetweenz~ggandZ3ggcalculatedwithoutconsideringslip.Consideringtheconservationofkineticenergy,thefollowingrelationisused:(3.8)
N
(
OJ
i
)
2Jagg
=
I
JiOJ
a;g
i~1r
(3.9)
In
thispaper,fivedifferentsizesofmotorsarecon-sidered.Conventionalequivalentcircuitparametersof
25002000
1500Q.1000
~
500
c0
'"
~-500:Ju-1000-1500-2000-25000.000.320.640.961.281.601.922.242.562.883.20Timein
see
Fig.5.StatorphaseAcurrentoftheaggregatemotor.
25002000
1500c.1000
~
500
c
0
'"
~-500
"
u
-1000-1500-2000-25000.000.320.640.961.281.601.922.242.562.883.20TimeinSec
Fig.6.SummationofstatorphaseAcurrentsoftheindividualmotors.227
30002660
23201980:>
~
1640
.~
1300
?
960
0
>-620280-60-4000.000.320.640.961.2B1.601.922.242.562.BB3.20TimeinSec
Fig.7.Electromagnetictorqueoftheaggregatemotor.
30002660
232019BO:>
~
1640
.~
1300~2'9600t-620
280-60-4000.000.320.640.961.2B1.601.922.242.562.883.20TimeinSec
Fig.8.Summationofelectromagnetictorqueoftheindividualmo-tors.
allthefivemotorsaswellastheaggregatemotorobtainedaregivenintheTable1.
4.Groupingcriterion
Thepurposeofagroupingcriterionistoidentifyandgrouphomogeneousmotors.Theinertiaandopencir-cuittimeconstantareoftenusedtoclassifymotors.
In
[2],theauthorshavedevelopedagroupingcriterionthatmaybeexpressedas
G=HylY.
(4.1)where
(Xl
+
X2)y=(R(+R2)
(4.2)
XmIY.=-R2
Thegroupishomogeneousif
(4.3)
I~(Gmax/Gmin)2.5(4.4)Basedontheabovegroupingcriterion,thedisparatesizesofmotorsareclassifiedintodifferentgroups.Thenaggregationisdonefordifferentmotorgroupssepa-ratelytofindaggregatemotorsfromeachgroup.
Table1ParametersforfiveindividualandoneaggregatemotorsHP
RsR,XIs
XhXm
J
rpm3.04.861.842.672.6784.680.091760.015.01.480.310.180.1824.890.501765.030.00.730.160.160.1614.961.001765.050.00.420.140.150.159.471.661750.0100.00.250.080.100.103.972.71740.0198.00.120.0350.0430.0412.105.961749.0

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