1. 1 What is Development?
Development in human society is a many-sided process. Atthe level of the individual, it implies increased skill andcapacity, greater freedom, creativity, self-discipline,responsibility and material well-being. Some of these arevirtually moral categories and are difficult to evaluate – depending as they do on the age in which one lives, one’sclass origins, and one’s personal code of what is right andwhat is wrong. However, what is indisputable is that theachievement of any of those aspects of personal developmentis very much tied in with the state of the society as a whole.From earliest times, man found it convenient and necessaryto come together in groups to hunt and for the sake of survival. The relations which develop within any given socialgroup are crucial to an understanding of the society as awhole: Freedom, responsibility, skill, etc. have real meaningonly in terms of the relations of men in society.Of course, each social group comes into contact withothers. The relations between individuals in any two societiesare regulated by the form of the two societies. Their respective political structures are important because theruling elements within each group are the ones that begin to