Franz Cumont tells us that triads were very common in the religion of the Chaldeans. TheBabylonian triad became the Syrian triad of Hadad, Atargatis, and Simios. In Rome, thistriad was Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury. Not only did the triadic pattern of deity spreadthroughout the world, but Cumont remarks on the continuing influence of the Babylonian priesthood after the fall of Babylon from political leadership.The system of the Babylonian priests affected many other countries worldwide (e.g., theDruids of England and Europe).
SOME PAGAN TRINITIES SIMILAR IN STRUCTURE TO THE CATHOLICTRINITY
Trinitarians today may argue that the pagan trinities were completely different from themodel of the Christian Trinity. But some pagan triads have models which are surprisinglyfamiliar. For example, the Hindu Trinity:The conception most closely linked with Vedism and Brahmanism is that of the HinduTrinity, the Trimurti. ‘The Absolute manifests himself in three persons, Brahma theCreator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer’. The syllable we write as om, butwhich is in reality made up of three words, ‘a’, ‘u’, and ‘m’, (which) is the symbol of thistrinity.-Asiatic MythologyAnd the Egyptian triad of the sun god was “one god expressed in three persons”. He wasknown as the “noonday sun” (Ra), “the evening sun” (Tum), and “the dawning sun”(Khepera). The sun god reportedly said, “Lo! I am Khepera at dawn, Ra at high noon, andTum at eventide”. He was one god in three distinct persons. And so it is not correct to saythat the pagan trinities do not resemble the Christian Trinity, insofar as the structure goes.
II TRINITARIAN DEVELOPMENT
NEO-PLATONIC SCHOOL INDEBTED TO BABYLONIAN WISDOM
The ancient Greeks were very impressed with the wisdom of the Babylonians. FranzCumont said, “Philosophy claimed more and more to derive its inspiration from thefabulous wisdom of Chaldea (Babylon) and Egypt”.According to Cumont, the “entire
is heavily indebted to theChaldeans (Babylonians)”. It was the neo-platonic school of philosophy which influencedthe Catholic fathers, Justin Martyr, Clement of Alexandria, and Origen.Porphyry reveals that the neo-platonists had incorporated Babylonian and Persiandemonology into their philosophical system.
PLATO CONVEYED THE IDEA OF A MESSENGER GOD (LOGOS) TO THECATHOLIC FATHERS
Plato, the famed Greek philosopher, greatly influenced the Catholic fathers. He wasacquainted with Babylonian wisdom, and had traveled to Babylonia, Israel, and Egypt.Plato advocated the idea of a secondary messenger god, representing the unknown primary god, who remained impassible (unable to suffer or to feel pain) and unknowable.This being was called the