Maximum limits for aluminium should be established forfood additives where relevant, and particularly forcalcium phosphates (E 341 (i)-(iii)) intended to be usedin food for infants and young children (
), according tothe relevant opinion of Scientific Committee on Foodexpressed on 7 June 1996 (
). In this framework amaximum limit for aluminum in calcium citrate(E 333) should also be established.
The maximum limits for aluminium in calcium phos
phates (E 341 (i)-(iii)), disodium diphosphate (E 450 (i))and calcium dihydrogen diphosphate (E 450 (vii)) should be in accordance with the opinion of the Authority of 22 May 2008 (
). Current limits should be reduced,where this is technically feasible, and where thecontribution to the total aluminium intake is significant.In this framework aluminium lakes of individual foodcolours should be authorised only if technically needed.
Provisions on maximum limits for aluminium indicalcium phosphate (E 341 (ii)), tricalcium phosphate(E 341 (iii)) and calcium dihydrogen diphosphate(E 450 (vii)) should not cause any disruption of themarket, due to a possible lack of supplies.
According to Commission Regulation (EU) No 258/2010of 25 March 2010 imposing special conditions on theimports of guar gum originating in or consigned fromIndia due to contamination risks by pentachlorophenoland dioxins (
), maximum limits should be set for thecontaminant pentachlorophenol in guar gum (E 412).
According to recital 48 of Commission Regulation (EC)No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximumlevels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs (
) MemberStates are requested to examine other foodstuffs than theones included in that Regulation for the occurrence of contaminant 3-MCPD in order to consider the need toset maximum levels for that substance. French authoritieshave submitted data on high concentrations of 3-MCPDin the food additive glycerol (E 422) and the average uselevel of this food additive in various food categories.Maximum limits for 3-MCPD in this particular foodadditive should be set in order to avoid contaminationof the final food at a higher than permissible level, takinginto account the dilution factor.
Due to the development of analytical methods certaincurrent specifications should be updated. The currentlimit value ‘not detectable’ is linked to the evolution of analytical methodologies and should be replaced by aspecific number for additives acid esters of mono- anddiglycerides (E 472 a-f), polyglycerol esters of fatty acids(E 475) and propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids (E 477).
Specifications relating to the manufacturing procedureshould be updated for citric acid esters of mono- anddiglycerides of fatty acids (E 472 c), as the use of alkaline bases is replaced today by the use of their milder actingsalts.
The current criterion ‘free fatty acids’ for additives citricacid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E472 c) and mono- and diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E 472 e) is notappropriate. It should be replaced by the criterion ‘acidvalue’ as the latter expresses better the titrimetric esti
mation of the free acidic groups. This is in accordancewith the 71st report on food additives from JECFA (
)where such change was adopted for mono- and diace
tyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E 472 e).
The current erroneous description of additive magnesiumoxide (E 530) should be corrected according toinformation submitted by the manufacturers, in orderto bring it in line with the Pharmacopoeia Europea (
).The current maximum value for the reducing matter inadditive gluconic acid (E 574) should also be updated asthis limit is not technically feasible. For the estimation of the water content of xylitol (E 967) the current method based on ‘loss on drying’, should be replaced by a moreappropriate method.
Some current specifications for additive candelilla wax (E902) should not be taken over to this Regulation sincethey are erratic. For calcium dihydrogen diphosphate (E450 (vii)) the current entry concerning P
contentshould be corrected.
In the current entry ‘assay’ for thaumatin (E 957) a calcu
lation factor should be corrected. That factor is to beused in the Kjeldahl method for the estimation of thetotal content of the substance based on the measurementof nitrogen. The calculation factor should be updatedaccording to the relevant published literature forthaumatin (E 957).
The Authority evaluated the safety of steviol glycosides,as a sweetener and expressed its opinion of 10 March2010 (
). The use of steviol glycosides, which have been
22.3.2012 Official Journal of the European Union L 83/3
) As defined in Commission Directive 2006/125/EC of 5 December2006 on processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infantsand young children (codified version), OJ L 339, 6.12.2006, p. 16.(
) Opinion on Additives in nutrient preparations for use in infantformulae, follow-on formulae and weaning foods. Reports of theScientific Committee on food (40th Series), p. 13-30, (1997).(
) Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings,Processing Aids and Food Contact Materials on a request fromEuropean Commission on Safety of aluminium from dietary intake.
(2008) 754, 1-34.(
) OJ L 80, 26.3.2010, p. 28.(
) OJ L 364, 20.12.2006, p. 5.(
) WHO Technical Report Series, No 956, 2010.(
) EP 7.0 volume 2, p. 2415-2416.(
) EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources (ANS); ScientificOpinion on the safety of steviol glycosides for the proposed uses asa food additive.