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INFEKSI OPORTUNISTIK 1

INFEKSI OPORTUNISTIK 1

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Published by Maria Kehi

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Published by: Maria Kehi on Oct 24, 2013
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07/06/2014

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INFEKSI OPORTUNISTIK
 
Definisi
Infeksi oportunistik adalah infeksi serius akibatmikroorganisme yang normalnya tidak memilikiatau memiliki sedikit aktifitas patogen(kemampuan menimbulkan penyakit).Tetapinmenyebabkan penyakit jika resistensipejamu menurun akibat penyakit serius,pengobatan invasif,/ karena obat (mis.Pneumonia,pneumocytis cranni pada pasien HIVdan /AIDS).
2
 
Infeksi oportunistik yang paling sering terjadi padapasien AIDS yang tidak dapat diobati yaitu :
Protozoa : Toxoplasma gondii, Isospora belli,spesies cryptosporidium.
Fungi : Candida albicans, Cryptococcusneoformans,Coccidiodes immitis, Histoplasmacapsulatum, Pneumocytis jiroveci.
Bakteri : Mycobacterium tuberculosis,Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Listeriamonocytogenes, spesies salmonella.
Virus : Cytomegalovirus, virus herpes simpleks,virus vacella zoster, adenovirus, viruspoliomavirus JC, virus hepatitis B dan C

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