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Scientific CV And List of Publications of Abhas Mitra

Scientific CV And List of Publications of Abhas Mitra

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Published by Dr Abhas Mitra
Scientific CV And List of Publications of Abhas Mitra
Scientific CV And List of Publications of Abhas Mitra

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Published by: Dr Abhas Mitra on Oct 25, 2013
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Scientific Resume
Dr Abhas Kumar Mitra, b. June 03, 1955 (Official Date)
Educational Milestones
M.Sc. (Univ. Calcutta), Ist Class, 1977 (Exams Held in 1979!).BARC Training School (Equivalent to M.Phil), 1980.Ph.D. Thesis “
A New Theory of Ultra High Energy Gamma Ray Production From Cygnus X-3 
” was ready forsubmission to Kashmir Univ. 1990.Got Ph.D. from Mumbai Univ. in 1994!
Post. Doc. History
Got selected for European Commission -DST (India) Post Doc. at Cambridge with Prof.(Sir) Martin Rees. NotDone.Got qualified and shortlisted as
National Research Council Research Associate 
at NASA Goddard Sp. Fl.Center, High Energy Astrophysics Lab. in 2004. Not DoneShort Visiting Positions in Int. Centre for Theor. Physics, Trieste (1995); Hong Kong Univ. (2000); Visiting Prof.in Max Planck Kern Physics, Heidelberg, 2006.
Job & Profession
Scientist in Bhabha Atomic Resaerch Centre, Nuclear Research Lab, Kashmir 1980-1990; in BARC, Mumbai since1990.Head, Theoretical Astrophysics Section, Astrophysical Sciences Division since 2004.Adjunct Prof. in Homi Bhabha National Science Insititute since 2010.
Awards & Honors
First Prize in “Young Physicist Colloquium” organized by Indian Physical Society in 1989.Life Member of Indian Physics Association, Astronomical Society of India, Indian Nuclear Society. Hon. Fellowof “Istituto Internazionale di Fisica ed Alta Matematica, Einstein-Galilei”, Prato, Italy. Member of InternationalAstronomical Union; former Full Member of American Astronomical Society.
Professional Services
Ph.D. research guide (Physics) of Mumbai University and HBNI. Has acted as a referee for Astrophysical J.,Astrophysical J. Letter, General Relativity & Gravitation, International J. Modern Physics (D), Pramana, CurrentScience, Foundations of Physics Letters, Gravitation & Cosmology, International J. Astronomy & Astrophysics,Ingeniera y Ciencia, Hadronic Journal, Turkish J. Physics, J. Cosmology, Int. J. Theoretical Phys.Has reviewed several research proposals on the request of “Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, India”.One of the Former Chairmen for the Interviewing Committee for selection of Physics Trainees for BARC TrainingSchool.
Research Interests
He has carried out research in a very wide area such as Classical Mechanics, Experimental Gamma Ray Astronomy,Cosmic Ray Acceleration, High Energy Gamma Ray Production Mechanism, Evolution of X-ray Binaries and Mil-lisecond Pulsars, Radiative Gravitational Collapse and Cosmology. He
research in Theoretical Astrophysicsin BARC, one of the premier R&D institutes of India.
In 70 year old history of BARC, he is the only Relativistic Astrophysicist & Cosmologist 
.He is also associated with the R&D of TACTIC, India’s first imaging based Very High Energy Gamma Ray Telescope,and MACE, the 21m imaging based Gamma Ray Telescope being set up by BARC in collaboration with TIFR.He has coined two basic terms in astrophysics:(i)
Eternally Collapsing Object 
(ECO), and (ii)
Einstein -Eddington Time Scale 
of contraction of self-gravitatingobjects.The trem “ECO” has been translated in French, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Chinese, Italin, Polish, Romanian andmany other languages.In connection with his research, he gave BBC Radio interview in 2000.Innumerable news paper and internet articles (Times of India, Indian Express, Mid-Day, Asian Age, HindustanTimes, Rediff, and many more) highlighted his research which claimed to have shown that General RelativisticGravitational Collapse should lead to Quasi Black Holes rather than true Black Holes. In this context, he has beeninterviewed by Indian TV channels such as NDTV, Headlines Today, Aaj Tak, India TV and ETC News.In 2006, his research paper defining Einstein-Eddington Time Scale was selected as one of the
Highlight Publications 
of Max Planck Society, Germany.
2His peer reviewed resrach works have been featured as
Science News in Nature India 
as many as 5 times, whichis rare for Indian researchers. In particluar, his reserch work on Cosmology (Nat. Scien. Rep., JCAP) showingCosmological Constant is exactly zero became Science News of Nature India in 2012 and 2013.
Science Popularization
He has been writing several series of scientific blogs (“Eternal Blog”) on the platforms of (i) Google, (ii) Wordpressand (iii) Science2.0 since Oct. 2011. As of Oct. 2013, his blogs have had approx. 9000 hits.
Books or Review Papers Mentioning Research Related to A. Mitra
1. “Fundamental Questions of Practical Cosmology: Exploring the Realm of Galaxies” by Yurij Baryshev, PekkaTeerikorpi (Springer, 2011)2. “Sacred Cows In Science: No Objectivity Allowed, (Create Space 2011, ISBN-10: 1456585169)”3. “Astronome Indien: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Aryabhata, Thanu Padmanabhan, Varahamihira, AbhasMitra, Kamalakara” (in French) (General Books LLC, 2010, ISBN1159389861).4. “Abhas Mitra” by Gerd Numitor (Editor) (Flu Press, 2011, ISBN : 9786138192923)5. “Creation or Evolution? Consider the Evidence Before Deciding”, by Dr. E. Norbert Smith (Create Space,2010, ISBN-10: 1456468278)6. “The Explorer’s Guide to the Multiverse” by Pranav Sivakumar (Create Space, 2010, ISBN-10: 1453623728)7. “The Manual of Scientific Style: A Guide for Authors, Editors, and Researchers” By Harold Rabinowitz andSuzanne Vogel , Academic Press, 2009 (ISBN-10: 012373980)8. “State of the Universe 2008, New Images, Discoveries, and Events” ( Popular Astronomy) by Martin Ratcliffe(Praxis Publishing, UK, 2008)9. “DaGNEHM: The Gravity’s Near Event Horizon in the Making” (Popular Astronomy) by Lawrence Smith(Author House, 2006, ISBN-10: 142596902X)10. “New Developments in Black Hole Research”, Editor: Paul V. Kreitler (Nova Sciences, NY, 2005, ISBN: 1-59454-641-X)11. “Focus on Black Hole Research”, Editor: Paul V. Kreitler (Nova Sciences, NY, 2005, ISBN: 1-59454-460-3)12. “Discovery of Cosmic Fractals” by Yurij Baryshev, Pekka Teerikorpi (World Scientific, 2002)13. “An overview of the current understanding of Gamma-ray Bursts in the Fermi era”, P. N. Bhat& S. Guiriec,Special issue of the Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India on Transients from Radio to Gamma rays, 39,471-515 (2011)14. “Magnetic fields in the galactic Universe, as observed in supershells, galaxies, intergalactic and cosmic realms”,J.P. Vallee, New Astronomy Reviews, 55, 91154 (2011).15. “Astrophysics in 2006”, Space Sc. Review, Volume 132, Number 1 / September, 2007, by Virginia Trimble,Markus J. Aschwanden and Carl J. Hansen16. “Gamma Ray Bursts”, T. Lu, Y.F. Huang, Z.G. Dai, D.M. Wei in Cosmic Gamma Ray Sources, ed. K.S. Cheng,G.E. Romero, (Kluwer Acad. Publisher, 2004)17. “The Physics of Gamma-Ray Bursts”, T. Piran, Reviews of Modern Physics, 76, 1143-1210 (2004)This review paper contain 447 references and has received almost 700 citations. And the
only reference of India bases authors
it cites is A. Mitra, A&A Lett. 313, L9-L12 (1996).18. Stellar Astrophysics, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Volume 254, Section VI, 355-368, (2001)19. “Gamma-Ray Bursts: Afterglows and Central Engines”, K.S. Cheng & T. Lu, Chinese Journal of Astronomy &Astrophysics, Vol. 1, p. 1-20 (2001).20. “Gamma-Ray Bursts: Challenges to Relativistic Astrophysics”, Sir Martin Rees, 18th Texas Symposium onRelativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology (1996), ed. Angela V. Olinto, Joshua A. Frieman, and David N.Schramm. River Edge, N. J. : World Scientific, (1998)Mitra’s paper finds a place amongst the 21 references contained in this review; and the
only one of Indian origin 
More Research Highlights
1. First astrophysicist to highlight that the
process could be a dominant mode of Ultra/Very HighEnergy Gamma Rays in Ultra Compact X-ray binaries (A& A Lett., 1990).2. After Prof. R. Cowsik, he is the 2nd Indian astrophysicist to work on Cosmic Ray Acceleration mechanism suchas “Diffusive Shock Acceleration” (Astrophys. J. 1989).3. Even when there were innumerable reports on detection Ultra High Energy
-rays from the X-ray binary, CygnusX-3; predicted that such reports could be fictitious and this was proved to be indeed so (Astrophys. J. 1991).4. Has worked on various aspects of the enigmatic X-ray binary Cygnus X-3. The relevant papers have been citedby more than 50 authors. His work on Cygnus X-3 got discussed/cited in
Sky & Telescope 
Magazine and in
News & Views of Nature 
.5. First India based astrophysicist to work on various aspects of modern paradigm of cosmic Gamma Ray Bursts(GRBs) like formation and propagation of fireball. Emphasized that powerful long duration GRBs must beoriginating from gravitational collapse to a level much deeper than the Neutron Star level.6. His paper (J. Math. Phys. 2009) has shown that the
integration constant
appearing in the
Schwarzschild/Hilbert solution is
actually zero
= 2
= 0. This means that exact BHs have zero grav-itational mass
= 0. This is in perfect accordance with the fact earlier finding by Luis Bel (J. Math Phys.1969) that the
Event Horizon behaves like a point singularity
. Further this result is also in agreementwith Arnowitt, Deser & Misner (Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 375, 1960) result that the “dressed”
mass of a neutral point particle is zero
.Since the BH paradigm is based on the
0, it is incorrect, and the BH Candidates cannotbe true BHs. This however does not prevent in having finite mass objects whose interior is not vacuum.7. He showed that trapped surfaces do not form in spherical gravitational collapse: 2
1. This wouldmean that for continued gravitational collapse upto
0, one must have
0 in accordance with the resultthat
= 0. The physics behind non-formation of trapped surfaces is resistive effects of pressure & radiation(IJMPD 2013).His research on non-occurrence of trapped surfaces
have remain unchallenged since 1998 
and has been
appre-ciated by India’s two seniormost and noted relativists
:1. Prof. P.C. Vaidya (Prof. Vaidya’s Letter Enclosed)and2. Prof. K.D. Krori (author of 120 GR papers and some books) (See: Are Singularities Integral to GeneralTheory of Relativity? by K. Krori, S. Dutta, Journal of Cosmology, 7424-7429, 2011)8. He gave the idea that continued gravitational collapse to a point singularity will never happen, and mathe-matically, the collapse would be “eternal”; accordingly he first conceived that the final stage of sufficientlymassive collapsed objects would be an “Eternally Collapsing Object” (ECO) rather than a BH. He alongwithNorman Glendenning, Stanley Robertson and Darryl Leiter suggested that ECO is a hot ball of plasma whoseradiation pressure counterbalances the pull of gravity in a quasistatic manner. As the ECO keeps on losingmass-energy, it approaches the true BH state marked by
= 0. Thus ECO concept is in agreement withvacuum Schwarzschild/Hilbert solution because
= 0.He also first suggested that stellar mass ECOs should have intrinsic magnetic field much larger than typicalneutron star values. Later Darryl Leiter, Stanley Robertson and he coined the name “Magnetospheric ECOs” orMECOs. Leiter & Robertson constructed a specific model of MECOs and showed that some BH candidates inX-ray binaries may be MECOs rather than BHs. Further, by analyzing detail microlensing data, Rudy Schild,Darryl Leiter and Stanley Robertson showed that the central engine in some quasars are likely to be MECOsrather than BHs: The pertinent
press release by Harvard University
may be found at:http://www.cv.nrao.edu/tuna/past/2006/NEW QSO STRUCTURE FOUND.pdf And this was also featured as a
Breaking News
article in New Scientist:http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn9620-mysterious-quasar-casts-doubt-on-black-holes.html

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