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169892878 Invata Germana Rapid

169892878 Invata Germana Rapid

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Published by Dana Rotaru

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Published by: Dana Rotaru on Oct 25, 2013
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03/16/2014

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Lectia nr.1: Alfabetul german si reguli de pronuntie.
Cunoasterea temeinica a limbii germane presupune cunoasterea caracteristicilor fonetice ale acestei limbi precum si aplicarea unor reguli de pronuntare, fara de carevorbitorul ar risca sa fie inteles gresit sau sa nu fie inteles deloc.Germana actualã foloseste alfabetul latin, la care se adaugã vocalele cu Umlaut (ä,
ö, ü) si o variantã a literei s, care seamãnã cu litera greceascã “beta” ß.
  A a
(a)
 Ä ä
(e)
 B b
(be)
 C c
(ţe)
 D d
(de)
 E e
(e)
 F f 
(ef)
 G g
(ghi)
 H h
(ha)
 I i
(i)
 J j
(iot)
 ( in interiorul cuv se pronunta
"i
)K k
(ka)
 L l
(el)
 M m
(em)
 N n
(en)
 O o
(o)
 Ö ö
(o lung)
 P p
(pe)
 Q q
(ku)
 R r 
(er)
 S s
(es)
 (la inceputul cuv se pronunta
 
"ș"
)
 
 
ß
(s)
 ( poti face referire la aceasta litera spunand
eszett 
sau
scharfes 
ß )T t
(te)
 U u
(u)
 Ü ü
(iu)
 V v
(fao)
 (in interiorul cuv se pronunta
"f
)W w
(ve)
 X x
(iks)
 Y y
(iepsilon)
 (in interiorul cuv se pronunta
"iu" 
)Z z
(ţet)
Particularitati fonetice / phonetische Merkmale :
 
 
äu
se pronunta
[oi]
 
 
ei
se pronunta
[ai]
 
 
ie
se pronunta lung
[i]
 

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