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EFF: consumeramicus

EFF: consumeramicus

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Published by: EFF on Jan 27, 2008
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06/17/2009

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 Appeal Nos. 06-17132 and 06-17137 
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
TASH HEPTING,
et al.
,Plaintiffs/Appellees,
v.
AT&T CORP.,Defendant/Appellant.TASH HEPTING,
et al.
,Plaintiffs/Appellees,
v.
United States,Defendant-Intervenor/Appellant.
On Appeal from the United States District Courtfor the Northern District of CaliforniaAMICI CURIAE BRIEF OF CONSUMER RIGHTS GROUPS: CENTERFOR DIGITAL DEMOCRACY, CONSUMER FEDERATION OFAMERICA, CONSUMERS UNION, PRIVACYACTIVISM AND U.S.PUBLIC INTEREST RESEARCH GROUPIN SUPPORT OF APPELLEES
Jennifer Stisa Granick Lauren GelmanShannon Kenealy, Law StudentCYBERLAW
 
CLINICSTANFORD
 
LAW
 
SCHOOLCrown Quadrangle559 Nathan Abbott WayStanford, California 94305-8610Telephone: (650) 724-0014Facsimile: (650) 723-4426
 Attorneys for Amici Curiae
 
 i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTEREST OF THE AMICI CURIAE.................................................................1INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................3I. CONGRESS IMPOSED CIVIL LIABILITY ON SERVICEPROVIDERS TO ENSURE THEY WOULD ACT ASGUARDIANS OF CUSTOMER PRIVACY AND PROVIDEA CHECK ON OVERREACHING GOVERNMENTSURVEILLANCE.......................................................................................6A. Communication Surveillance is So Sensitive thatIt Receives Even Greater Protection Than Other Kindsof Searches Under the Fourth Amendment.......................................6B. Following Berger, Congress Imposed Civil Liability onService Providers to Ensure that They Act As Guardiansof Consumer Privacy By Refusing To Participate in orAssist Illegal Surveillance.................................................................8C. Congress Set Up This Scheme with The Intention of Making Service Providers Guardians of ConsumerCommunications Privacy and Giving Them PowerfulIncentives to Resist Unlawful or Excessive GovernmentSurveillance.....................................................................................14II. LIABILITY IS CRITICAL TO DETER SERVICE PROVIDERCOLLUSION IN ILLEGAL SURVEILLANCE......................................18A. Civil Liability Is The Only Effective Deterrent For Secret IllegalSurveillance.....................................................................................18B. Civil Liability Does No Harm To LegitimateGovernment-Industry Cooperation.................................................21III. CONCLUSION..........................................................................................24CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE
 
 ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIESU.S. CONSTITUTION
First Amendment to the United States Constitution...................3Fourth Amendment to the United StatesConstitution.............................................................3, 6, 7, 22
FEDERAL CASES
 
 Berger v. New York 
, 388 U.S. 41 (1967)......................6, 7, 8, 14
 Hamdi v. Rumsfeld 
, 542 U.S. 507 (2004).................................24
 Jacobson v. Rose
, 592 F.2d 515 (9th Cir. 1978)......................23
Katz v. United States
, 389 U.S. 347 (1967)............................7, 8
United States v. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (“Keith”)
,407 U.S. 297 (1972)......................................................10, 11
FEDERAL STATUTES
 50 U.S.C. 1802 .........................................................................1250 U.S.C. 1803-1805..........................................................11, 1250 U.S.C. 1809, 1810...............................................................1150 U.S.C. 1811 .........................................................................1247 U.S.C. 1002....................................................................15, 1618 U.S.C. 2510..........................................................................1318 U.S.C. 2511……………………...........................3, 9, 11, 12

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