To address these challenges,
the transatlantic relationship remains essential.
Therenewed emphasis by the US on the Asia-Pacific region is a logical consequence of geostrategic developments.
It also means that Europe must assume greaterresponsibility for its own security and that of its neighbourhood.
Europeancitizens and the international community will judge Europe first on how it performs inthe neighbourhood.Recent military operations have demonstrated that Europeans lack some of thenecessary capabilities, in particular in terms of strategic enablers such as air-to-air refuelling, strategic airlift, intelligence and surveillance. In addition, the financialcrisis continues to squeeze defence budgets while elsewhere defence spending isincreasing. According to a recent report by the Stockholm International PeaceResearch Institute, global defence spending is shifting "from the West to the rest"
Europe needs to develop the full range of its instruments, including its securityand defence posture, in the light of its interests and these geostrategicdevelopments.
At the same time, the
European defence market
is also feeling the effects of the
financial crisis. Europe’s defence industries are
not only important for our security, by providing capabilities for our armed forces, but also for jobs, growth and innovation.Yet, the European defence market remains fragmented in terms of demand and
supply. The question is whether this is sustainable in view of today’s economic and
budgetary realities.In sum, Europe faces rising security challenges within a changing strategic contextwhile the financial crisis is increasingly affecting its security and defence capability.These developments warrant
a strategic debate among Heads of State andGovernment
.Such a debate at the top level must set priorities. I wish from the outset to set out myview on priorities:-
The Union must be able to
act decisively through CSDP
as a securityprovider
, in partnership when possible but autonomously when necessary, inits neighbourhood, including through direct intervention. Strategic autonomymust materialize first in the EU's neighbourhood.-
The Union must be able to protect its interests and project its values by
contributing to international security, helping to prevent and resolvecrises
through projecting power
. The EU's call for aninternational order based on rule of law and its support for effectivemultilateralism need to be backed up by credible civilian and militarycapabilities of the right type, when required.-
The ability to
engage with partners
is crucial in any crisis
The EU must build regional and bilateral partnerships to be able to both cooperate in crisis
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute 2013 Yearbook "Armaments, disarmamentand international security".